-NC congressional district plan was to have only one majority black district, no wider than the interstate road
-Did their claim of state gerrymandering raise issue under the equal protection clause?
-no racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
-district shape was bizarre, showed they were separated based on race
-14th amendment: equal protection, all should be treated equal
Analogous case: Baker v. Carr