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11.5 - World Power (WWI Homefront)
Terms in this set (22)
Selective Service Act
1917 law that established the draft.
System in which the government legally compels citizens to join the armed forces.
People who refuse to join the military for personal, moral reasons, such as because of religious beliefs.
Lever Act / Food and Fuel Control Act
Law passed during World War I granting the president power to control production, distribution and price of food.
Government agency during World War I that managed rationing of gasoline and oil.
Daylight Savings Time
System in which clocks are moved forward one hour in the spring, thus allowing for more daylight hours during summer evenings.
Director of the Food Administration during World War I, and later president.
Government agency during World War I run by Herbert Hoover that managed rationing of food supplies.
War Industries Board
Government agency during World War I run by Bernard Baruch which directed production, distribution and wages. It is an example of significant government involvement in private industry.
Director of the War Industries Board during World War I.
U.S. Railway Administration
Government agency during World War I that managed the nation's railway networks in order to support the war effort.
Liberty Loan Act
Law passed during World War I empowering the government to borrow billions of dollars by issuing war bonds.
Committee on Public Information
Government agency created during World War I and run by George Creel to produce pro-war, pro-government propaganda.
Director of the Committee on Public Information during World War I.
Advertising created by the government to encourage citizens to think and act in ways the government wants.
Most popular song during World War I.
Espionage and Sedition Acts
A pair of laws passed during World War I significantly restricting freedom of speech by making anti-war or anti-government speech illegal.
Schenck v. United States
Supreme Court ruling during World War I upholding the Espionage and Sedition Acts. It introduced the "clean and present danger" doctrine but is not widely considered to be a failure of the Court to preserve individual liberties.
National Labor War Board
Government agency created during World War I to negotiate with labor unions and prevent strikes.
Traditional work-day that was established during World War I.
Women's Land Army
Government agency which employed women on farms to replace men who had joined the army.
Nickname for the 369th Infantry, a segregated unit of African-American soldiers during World War I.
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