22 terms

Using Sources to Study the Past


Terms in this set (...)

anything that provides information or evidence about the past.
oral history
history and/or information passed down by word of mouth.
objects made by humans in the past.
primary source
a first-hand account created during that time in history.
secondary source
a record of the past based on information from primary sources
a person who studies the remains of past cultures and makes observations and conclusions about the people of that time.
to dig up and area for the purpose of studying a culture or time period.
substances people are born with that pass human characteristics from parents to their children. Using DNA in genes historians can now learn more about the people in the past.
Contrast Primary / Secondary Sources
Primary sources are made at that time in history. Secondary sources are made later than that time in history.
Contrast Oral History /Artifacts
Oral history is information passed on by humans orally and can change over time. Artifacts are objects made by humans but the object will not change over time. The condition of the object may change but the actual object remains the same.
Before the Common Era
Before Christ
Common Era
Anno Domini - translates to mean - In the Year of Our Lord
time span of 100 years
time line
a diagram of events arranged in the order in which they took place.
time span of 10 years
How does archaeologist discoveries change our views of the world?
The mystery of the past is like a giant jigsaw puzzle. As new discoveries are made we add pieces to the puzzle. The new information can correct facts we thought were true and/or will allow us to develop a more accurate understanding of the past.
What is an artifact and what are 2 possible ideas an artifact can reveal about a past culture and their people?
An artifact can tell us very important information about a culture and their people. For example: How they dressed, what materials they had in their environment to use; what they ate; how they worshipped; what daily activities were important to them; if they had a writing system; how they organized their government; if they had a class system; their homes; their art; if they had music; etc.
carbon dating
technique used by archaeologists to determine the age of an ancient remain or artifact
physical map
map that shows the earth's natural features such as landforms - mountains, lakes, rivers, valleys, etc.
political map
map that shows boundaries, borders, capitals