Branscum - Poultry
Production of Table Eggs and Meat
Commercial Poultry Operations have 2 overall objectives
Young Male Chickens
Young Female Chickens
Production Ready Female Chicken
Percent of all table eggs produced by caged hens in large houses
In Egg Production, the goal is to receive 1 dozen eggs for how many pounds of feed
Period of laying for chickens
Goal of egg produced during a laying cycle
Egg Breeder Operation
Table Egg operation where parent birds produce fertile hatching eggs
Egg Pullet Operations
Table Egg Operations that produce pullets to replace older flocks of hens
Type of chicken most commonly used for laying
How old are Leghorn pullets raised on egg pullet operations
Egg Laying Operations
Segment of Table Egg Industry where hens produce infertile eggs
Egg Processing Operations
Facilities that sort, grade, and wash eggs
Broiler Meat Production
Purpose to provide meat for human consumption
Cornish and White Plymouth Rock
2 types of chickens crossed for broiler production
Broiler Breeding Operations
Broiler operations that produce broiler breeding females and males to replace older breeding flock
Birds are raised on broiler breeding operation until what age
In broiler breeding operations, the goal is 1 dozen eggs for how many pounds of feed
What is the goal for hatchability of broiler eggs?
Broiler Growing Operations
Broiler operation that raises chicks from hatching to market weight
young meat chicken of either sex
Broiler Growout Farms have how many houses on average
Number of flocks raised annually on broiler farms
percent of broiler farms that operate under a contract system
At 6-7 weeks, a broiler should weigh how much?
How many pounds of feed should it take for a broiler to gain a pound?
Broiler Processing and Marketing Operations
Broiler operations that process the broiler chickens
Broad Breasted White
Most common turkey meat breed
Turkey Breeding Operations
Turkey operations that raise male and females to replaced older breeding flocks
In a turkey breeding operation, turkeys are raised until what age?
Method of breeding turkeys
Turkey Grow-Out Operations
Turkey operations that raise birds from hatching to market weight
A typical turkey growout barn can hold how many birds?
Percent of turkey farms under a contract system
Turkeys need how many pound of feed to gain a pound of body weight
Turkey Processing and Marketing Operations
Operations where turkeys are processed and packaged
Poultry careers that improve the breeding program
Careers in poultry that help control diseases
Careers in poultry that discover new feed ingredients and formulate feed rations
Poultry careers that help create more automated systems
Poultry careers that produced poultry and operate farms
Food Science and Processing
Poultry careers that lead to advancement in food manufacturing technology combined with food safety.
Poultry careers that provide breeders with services such as banking, accounting, and materials
Kingdom that all poultry fall under
Class that all poultry fall under
Number of Chambers in a Poultry Heart
Chicken, guinea fowl, turkey, and pheasants all belong to what order?
Order that ducks and geese fall under
Number of beats per minute for poultry
Average Temperature for Poultry
Poultry have lighter skeletons due to what?
Amount of time it takes for food to pass through the body of laying chickens
Amount of time it takes for food to pass through the body of nonlaying chickens
Outer Layer of Skin of Poultry
Inner Layer of skin in poultry
Skin color preferred for meat production
Skin feature on top of the head
Removing of the comb on a chicken
Skin feature under the beak
The process of removing the wattle
Secondary sex characteristics
The comb and wattles serve as what?
What part of poultry determine the color of chicken eggs?
Feathers come from tracts called what?
The colors of feathers are a ______ trait in birds
Turkeys and Chickens are usually what feather color?
The shedding of older feathers
This muscle makes up 15% - 20% of a birds weight compared to 1% of human body weight
Muscle that supports the abdomen
Muscle that elevates and depresses the tail
Muscle that flexes the toes
Muscle that extends the toes downward
Muscles that flexes and extends the hip
Muscle that draws the humerus inward
Muscle that maintains bird posture
Muscle that flexes the abdomen
Muscle that depresses the wing
Muscle that elevates the wing
Muscle that extends the foot outward
Muscle that moves the feathers
Muscle that flexes the knees and rotates the leg outward
Muscle that flexes the knee joints and extends the thigh
Muscle that rotates the humerus
Muscle that moves the scapula and draws the head left or right
Color light that helps control cannibalism
Color light that is used for handling
The voice box in poultry
Another term for the lower larynx
The tube that connects the upper and lower larynxes
Moves air in and out of the lungs in poultry
Avain red blood cells are different than mammals in that they are _________
Are birds carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores?
Chickens and turkeys have what shaped beaks because they are grain eaters?
Flexible tube that connects the mouth to crop
Stores and moistens food
Another name for the crop
Glandular stomach of the poultry
Enzyme in stomach to break down food
Muscular stomachs of chickens which grinds up the teeth
Another term for gizzard
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