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48 terms

Westward Expansion Vocabulary # 3

Westward Expansion
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annex
take control of or add on
Donner Party
Suffered starvation and death in the Sierra Nevada mountains on the California Trail.
rendezvous
annual meeting of mountain men, Indian trappers and fur company agents
empresarios
agents contracted to bring settlers to Texas
Californios
Spanish settlers in California
Sutter's Fort
Colony near the Sacramento River that became a popular destination for immigrants to the US
Tejanos
Spanish settlers who lived in what is now southern Texas
Alamo
Franciscan mission at San Antonio and site of major battle
mountain men
first non-Indian hunters and merchants who traveled to the Rockies and beyond
Sam Houston
_________ was the 1st president of the Republic of Texas.
Alfred Jacob Miller
_________ painted landscapes and mountain men in the Rockies.
New Mexico
_________ was the oldest and most important province on the northern frontier of New Spain.
California
The southern branch of the Oregon Trail became known as the __________ Trail.
Juan Seguin
_____________ was sent on a mission through enemy lines to find reinforcements at the Alamo and thus escaped death.
Texas
The Republic of _____________ was recognized as an independent nation by Britain, France and the US.
Oregon
The __________ Trail stretched more than 2,000 miles across the northern Great Plains and the Rockies.
adobe
American settlers in New Mexico and California commonly used the Spanish and Pueblo building material called _____________.
transcendentalist
Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson were ____________ writers who opposed the Mexican War.
Joseph Smith
The Book of Mormon was made up of religious revelations translated by ____________.
Indians
In the early 1840s, most California residents were _____________.
Henry Clay
In the 1844 POTUS election, the Whig candidate ___________ originally opposed Texas annexation and then half-heartedly supported it.
Buena Vista
Santa Anna's troops retreated under the cover of darkness after clashing with Taylor at _____________.
China
Between 1849 and 1853 about 24,000 young men migrated to California from ___________.
Salt Lake City
The city of ___________ became the center of Mormon settlement in the US.
Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of __________ ended the Mexican War.
Mormons
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints are called __________.
Zachary Taylor
Mexican War commander called Old Rough and Ready
James Marshall
Discovered gold in California in 1848
49ers
People who came to California to seek gold
Nicholas Trist
Negotiated the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Bear Flag Revolt
During this event, a small group of American settlers declared California an independent republic.
Texas annexation
This event caused Mexico to cut off diplomatic ties with the United States.
Levi Strauss
German immigrant _____________ earned his fortune in California by making durable denim work pants to sell to miners.
John Slidell
Gen Taylor marched his troops to the Rio Grande after the Mexicans refused to negotiate with ___________.
Nueces
Taylor's soldiers fought and won two battles south of the _____________ River before the official declaration of war.
Stephen Kearny
Claimed all of New Mexico for the United States
Native Americans
On Spanish California's farms and ranches, most of the labor was done by ___________.
Stephen F. Austin
_________________ was jailed for more than 18 months for requesting more self-government for Texas.
Santa Fe
US merchants established the ____________ Trail after Mexico became independent in 1821.
Santa Anna
The Republic of Texas continued to have problems with Mexico until Houston signed a peace agreement with _____________ .
Germany
The largest group of European immigrants to Texas in the 1840s was from _____________.
Mexico
Texas delegates met to declare independence from ____________ four days before the Battle of the Alamo.
Republic
The Mexican Constitution of 1824 declared that Mexico was a ______________.
Neutral Rights
The right to sail the seas without picking sides
Impressment
Forcing people to join the Navy
Embargo
Prohibits trade with other countries
War Hawks
People who are quick to attack instead of negotiating peace
Nationalism
People who are loyal to their country