18 terms

Ch. 6 Vocabulary

These are the vocabulary words for ch. 6
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Renaissance
the period of rebirth of learning in Europe between about 1300 and 1600
humanism
a system of thought that focuses on the nature, ideals, and achievements of human beings, rather than on the divine
Reformation
the effort to change or reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of Protestant churches
Protestant
referring to Christian religions that grew out of the Reformation
Age of Exploration
the period of European exploration overseas from about 1400-1600
Cape of Good Hope
the southern tip of Africa
Northwest Passage
a sea route through North America
Strait of Magellan
a waterway near the southern tip of South America
circumnavigate
to sail or fly completely around something, such as Earth
divine right of kings
the belief that the authority of kings comes directly from God
absolute monarch
a king or queen with complete authority over the government and people in a kingdom
Versailles
the palace built for the French king Louis XIV
Elizabethan Age
a golden age of English history when Elizabeth I was queen, 1558-1603
tsar
the Russian emperor
conquistador
a Spanish conqueror in the Americas
Hernan Cortes
the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs
encomienda
a system in which the Spanish king gave Spanish settlers the right to the labor of the Native Americans who lived in a particular area
Francisco Pizarro
the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas