World History The Modern Era Chapter 7

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Thomas Malthus
Thought that population would soon outpace food supply and that people should have fewer children
Adam Smith
Wrote The Wealth of Nations and said that capitalism would help everyone, not just the rich
David Ricardo
Economist who agreed with Malthus's views and thought that the working class would never escape poverty
Jeremy Bentham
Economist who proposed utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
Idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
John Stuart Mill
Believed that the government should improve the lives of the working class and wanted to give them the right to vote
Socialism
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production
Means of Production
Farms, factories, railways, and other large businesses that produce and distribute goods
Robert Owen
A Welsh man who was a successful mill owner, did not employ children, and created a Utopian society
Karl Marx
A German philosopher who came up of the political system Communism
Communism
A classes society where all means of production would be owned by the community
Proletariat
The working class
Social Democracy
the belief in a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
Charles Townshend
Crop Rotation
Jethro Tull
Seed Drill
John Kay
Flying Shuttle
James Hargreaves
Spinning Jenny
Richard Arkwright
Water Frame
Samuel Crompton
Spinning Mule
Edward Cartwright
Power Loom
Eli Whitney
Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts
Thomas Savory
Steam Pump
Thomas Newcomen
Steam Engine
James Watt
Improved Steam
Abraham Darby
Smelting
Henry Cort
Puddling Process
Henry Bessimer
Bessemer Process (making steel cheaper)
Duke of Bridgewater
Canal form coal mine to factory
John McAdams
All-Weather Roads
George Stevenson
Locomotive
Robert Fulton
Steamship
Samuel Morse
Telegraph
Joseph Jacquard
Punch Card Loom
William Perkins
Dyes
Allesandro Volta
Electric Storage Battery
Michael Faraday
Electric Generator
Alexander Bell
Telephone
Guglielmo Marconi
Radio
Thomas Edison
Light Bulb
Gottlieb Daimler
Internal Combustion Engine
Rudolph Diesel
Diesel Engine
Henry Ford
Assembly Line
John Rockefeller
Business Monopoly
Sir Robert Peel
Police Force
Fox and Daguerre
Photography
Wright Brothers
Airplane
Agricultural Revolution
First step to Industrial Revolution
Energy Revolution
Third step to Industrial Revolution
Population Boom
Second step to Industrial Revolution
Enclosure
The process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers
Abraham Darby III
Made the first steel bridge
Enterprise
A business organization in an area such as shipping, mining, railroads, or factories
Entrepreneurs
Those who managed and assumed the financial risks of starting a business
Putting-Out System
Cottage Industry
Turnpikes
Toll roads built by entrepreneurs
Urbanization
The movement of people from the countryside to cities
Tenements
Multistory buildings divided into apartments
Luddites
Groups of textile workers that destroyed machinery in the middle of the night
John Wesley
The founder of Methodism
Factory Acts
Children labor reform laws in England
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