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56 terms

Chapter 13

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Congress
Which branch of goverment has the power to declare war?
Executive Privilege
Presidents have used ____ to withhold information on executive branch deliberations from other branches of goverment.
Hurricane Katrina
President George W. Bush was widely criticized for his response to which crisis?
The electoral college
According to the U.S. Constitution, the president is selected by...
Make treaties, Carry out the laws of the United States, Grant Pardons. All ARE power of the President.
Which of the following is NOT one of the powers of the president listed in the Constitution?
The Cabinet
The secretaries, or chief administrators, or the major departments of the federal goverment. Cabinet secretaires are appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate.
Causus (political)
A normally closed meeting of political legislatvie group to select candidates, plan strategy, or make decisions regarding legislative matters.
Commander in Chief
The power of the president as commander of the national military and the state national guard units (when called into service)
Delegated Powers
Constitutional powers that are assigned to one govermental agency but that exercised by another agency with the express permission of the first.
Executive Office of the President
The permanent agencies that perform defined maagemnt tasks for the president. Created in 1939, the EOP includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, the National Security Council, and other agencies.
Executive Agreement
An agreement, made between the president and another country, that has the force of a treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent"
Executive order
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation
Executive Privilege
The claim that confidential commuications between a president and close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president.
Expressed powers
Specific granted to congress under Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution
Inherent powers
Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution, but are inferred from it.
Kitchen Cabinet
An informal group of advisers to whom the president turn for counsel and guidance. Members of the official Cabinet may or may not also be members of the Kitchen Cabinet
Legislative Initiative
The president's inherent power to bring a legislative agenda before Congress.
Line-item veto
The power of the executive to veto specific provisions (lines) of a passed by the legislature.
Mandate
A claim by a victorious candidate that the electorate has given him or her special authority to carry out promises made during the campaign
National Security Council (NSC)
A presidential foriegn policy advisory council composed of the president; vp; and the treasury; the attorney general; and other officials invited by the president.
Permanent Campaign
Description of presidential politics in which all presidentail actions are taken with re-election in mind.
Pocket Veto
A presidental veto that is automatically Triggered if the president does not act on a given piece of legislation passed during the final ten days of a legisltive session.
Veto
The president's constituional power to turn down acts of Congress. A presidential veto may be overrident by a 2/3 vote in each house.
War Powers Resloution
A resolution of Congress that the president can send troops into abroad only by authorication of Congress, or American troops are already under attack or serious threat.
White House staff
Analysts and advisers to the president, often give the title "special assistant"
Article II
The powers of the presidency are outlined in the ___ fo the U.S. Constitution.
Even if not requested to do so by the govener.
The president's domestic military power includes the power to send federal troops into a state or city...
Executive privilege
President Bush refused to turn over Congress records of VP Cheney's secret energy task force mettings. He did so on the basis of...
It gave the President complete discretion to determine whether, when, and how to attack.
In 2002 Congressional resolution on the use of force against Iraq is notable because...
Increased the power of the President
According to the authors, the decline in popular participation in government and voting has...
Caucus
The practice of allowing the party's congressional delegates to nominate presidental candidates was know as the..
Line-item veto
Which of the following was over turned by theSupreme Court as an unconstitutional delegation of power?
A form of patronage, a presidental managemant tool, AND an institutional resource of presidential power.
Presidential high-level political appointments are:
To make the president responsible to state and nattional legislatures.
What did the framers mean to accomplish by the indirect election of the president?
Hiliary Clinton, Eleanor Roosevelt, Nancy Reagan were ALL influential first ladies.
Which First Lady did NOT exert significant influence while thier husband was in office?
National Security Council
The ___ was established by law in 1947 and is composed of the president, vp, secretaries of state, defense, adn the treasury, the attorney general, and other invited by the president.
Make an executive agreement with the head of the foriegn nation.
If a president wished to make a foreign policy without having to get the 2/3 vote in the Senate needed to raitfy a tready, he or she would likely...
FDR
The first president to EFFECTIVELY use public appeals, such as 'fireside chats' and speaking tours, was
A great deal of discretion in the way the law is implemented.
When Congress passes sweeping legislation, it often delegates siginficant power to the executive branch, which gives the President...
Office of Management and Budget
The most important agency in the Executive Office of the President is the...
Analysts and adivsors
The White House staff is composed mainly of...
Ceremonil functions
Historically, first ladie have served what role?
It gives the presidency a popular base that eventually supported increased presidental power.
The national convention is important to the power of the presidency because...
An executive-congressional agreement
Presidents GHWBush and Clintion negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Instead of treating that agreement like a treaty, Clinton submitted this for a simple majority vote of Congress. What President Clinton did was...
To succeed the president in case of death, resignation, or incapacitation, to serve as president of the Senate, to cast a vote in the Senate in case of a tie vote, ALL.
According to the authors of the text, the vp serves which role?
Executive order
The presidental power to make rules and procedures for the executive branch, which have the effect and formal status of legislation, is called..
His power of patronage
The president's managment power is enhanced by...
Supportive for a short time
The public reaction to presidential actions in foreign policy and international crises is ususally...
Has no constitutional status
The cabinet, heads of all major federal government departments...
Declines over time
Generally speaking, popular support for a president..
200
By the end of 2005, President Bush had issued about __ executive orders.
Attempted to limit the president's use of troops in military action without congressional approval.
In 1973, congress passed the War Powers Act which...
Pocket; 10; cannot
A ___ veto can occur when the president is presented a bill during the last 10 days of legislative session and cannot be ovverridden by a 2/3 vote in both housed of congress.
Inherent powers
In times of crises, presidents have issued executive orders without consulting Congress on the basis of...
Executive Order
After 9/11, President Bush issued directives which prohibited defendants fromm appealing their treatment to any federal or state court. Which power did he claim when making these directives?
unreliable
As a tool for ahieving political goals, Presidents have found party members to be...