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The Church: Our Story, Chapter 2.1 & 2.2
Vocabulary for Chapter 2.1 and 2.2 of The Church: Our Story
Terms in this set (27)
The bishops, acting in unison with the pope, by virtue of their ordination, constitute the Magisterium. The Magisterium is the teaching authority of the Church.
Kingdom of God
The reign or rule of God. The Kingdom of God has begun with the coming of Jesus. It will exist in its perfect form at the end of time.
Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA)
The process through which non-Catholic adults learn about and join in full communion with the Catholic Church by receiving the Sacraments of Baptism, if not already a baptized Christian, Confirmation, and Eucharist.
Unfolding of the mystery. This is the name given to the period following the Baptism of adults. During this time, the newly baptized are to open themselves more fully to the graces received in Baptism.
The story of God's action in human history. Salvation history refers to the events through which God makes humanity aware of and brings humanity into the Kingdom of God. It begins with the creation of the world and will end with the second Coming of Christ.
The partnership between God and humanity which God has established out of love. The new covenant is offered through Christ, whose blood is the sign of the new covenant.
True, complete, and permanent unity with God and with one another, Salvation is the end goal of all creation. It refers to the fulfillment of the human desire for ultimate truth and goodness. Salvation is made possible by Christ's Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
"One who is sent;" the name used for the twelve men whom Jesus chose and who the Church believes were given authority by Christ.
Those elements in the Church's structure which were established by Jesus; includes the presence of the hierarchy
"Overseer;" successor to the apostles and the head of a particular church, usually a diocese. All of the bishops together and united with the pope exercise leadership over the universal Church.
The bishop of Rome, successor of Peter who holds the highest office of teaching and governance in the Church.
Those moral teachings which are essentially corollaries of the Church's understanding of God revealed in Jesus.
The structural order of leaders within the Church; commonly refers to all of the ordained ministers in the Church: the pope, bishops, priests, and deacons.
Absolute truths which were revealed by Christ and are essential to Christian faith that their essence can never be changed.
The nine armed expeditions by Christians beginning in 1095 and ending in 1291 which were intended to drive the Muslims out of the Holy Land and in the process reunite Christians of the East and West.
"Writings;" The term Scripture is used to refer to those books with have been determined to be the Word of God and to be normative for faith and morals.
The attempt to reconcile or blend the beliefs and practices of various religions into one.
A religious group of Jews in Jesus's time; religious conservatives who rejected all religious teaching which was not from the Torah, including belief in the resurrection of the dead, and were willing to accept many elements of Roman culture.
A religious group of Jews in Jesus's time; had faith based on scripture and oral tradition and believed that faith should shape everyday life; particularly concerned with making Judaism relevant under Roman rule.
Strictest group of Jesus's time; practiced celibacy, interpreted every law in the strictest manner, and separated themselves who lived differently from them.
Jews living in Jesus's time who believed that God called them to overthrow the Roman government in Palestine.
Total denial of Christ and a disavowal of the Christian faith
The final purification of all who die in God's grace and friendship but remain imperfect; final cleansing away of all sin and of all the consequences of sin.
The governing system which prevailed in Europe in the Middle Ages in which a superior or lord granted land to a vassal in return for his or her service. The vassal did not own the land but he did receive its income as long as he remained faithful to the lord he served. Under this system, all land was owned by a few powerful people. The vast majority of the population worked the land in return for food, shelter, and protection.
An effort to reform the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century which led to the separation of large numbers of Christians from communion with Rome and each other.
Council of Trent
The sixteenth century ecumenical council held in response to the challenges of the Protestant reformation. The Council clearly outlined Catholic doctrine on such matters of authority, sin and justification, and the role of Mary and the saints
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