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55 terms

AP Human Geography Key terms Chap.1-2

Mr.Skeie's AP Human Geography Key Term quiz on chapters one and two
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Human Geography
spatial analysis of human population, their cultures, activities, and lanscapes
Physical Geography
spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals and topography
Environmental Geography
the view that natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development
Patterns
a particular arrangement
Distribution
to disperse something in certain amounts
Spacial perspective
a way of looking at the world's and the earth's layout
Location
geographical position of a place or thing
Location Theory
an element of contemporary human geography that seeks answers to a wide range of questions-some theoretical, some practical.
Human-environment interactions
a spatial perspective that invites consideration of the relationship among phenomena in individual places-including between humans and the world
Region
an area on Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, funtional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
Regional Science
an undertaking that involves the application of modern quantitative spatial analytic techniques to regional questions
Place
a location
Movement
refers to the mobility of people
Landscape
material character of a place
Maps
geological tool that displays latitude and longitude
Absolute Location
exact latitude and longitude
Relative Location
location relative to other human and physical features on the landscape
Geographic info. systems (GISs)
a new tool that allows geographers to combine layers of spatial data in a computerized environment, creating maps in which patterns and processes are superimposed
Remote Sensing
a geographic technique that monitors the Earth's surface from a distane using modern techonology
Diffusion
the movement of ideas, notions, and innovations
Area
spatial extent
Boundaries
limits
Formal Region
cultural criteria;the type of region marked
Functional Region
the product of interactions, of movement of various kinds
Perceptual Regions
region that only exists as a conceptualization or idea and not as a physically demarcated entity
Hierarchy
vertical order of regions
Mental Map
the map in your mind
Environmental Perception
the total impression of sights supplemented by sounds and smells
Acculturation
cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing
Assimilation
the process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speach particularities or manerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture
Civilization
an advanced state of a society possessing historical and cultural unity whose attributes include plant and animal domestication, metallurgy, occupational specialization, writing and urbanizm
Contagious diffusion
the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person.
Cultural diffusion
the process of dissemination, the spread of an idea or innovation from its source area to other cultures
Cultural Landscape
the composite of artificial features.
Culture
way of life
Culture complex
a related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes,cooking,and eating utensils
Cultural hearth
place of origin of a major culture (source area, heartland)
Culture realm
a cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail
Culture region
a region within which common cultural characteristics prevail
Culture systems
grouping of certain complexes together (common traits)
Culture trait
a single attribute of culture
Diffusion
the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element
Environmental determinism
view that natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development
Expansion diffusion
the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area
Geographic realm
the basic spatial unit in our world regionalization scheme
Geographic region
an exact area according to maps
Hieracchical diffusion
a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by trickling down from larger to smaller adoption units
Independent invention
a single peson or company creating an idea or object, alone.
Migrant diffusion
a particular form of relocation diffusion
Political ecology
an approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned w/the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of the political and socioeconomical contexts in which theyr are suited
Possibilism
geographic viewpoint-a response to determinism- that holds that human decision making is the crucial factor in cultural development, not the environment
Relocation diffusion
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate the new ones
Sequent occupance
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Stimulus diffusion
a third form of expansion diffusion
Transculturation
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact