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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Semester Exam Review Fall 2016 Key
Terms in this set (47)
Why did Lord Baltimore, establish Maryland?
As haven for Catholics
Which American colony was established in the 1660's as a haven for Quakers?
The term Middle Passage refers to which of the following?
African slaves' perilous trans-Atlantic journey to the Americas
How was colonization similar for the French and Spanish?
The French and Spanish aimed to Christianize the native peoples.
How were the Spanish conquistadors, Nathaniel Bacon's frontiersmen, and the Puritans were similar?
All treated the Native Americans brutally.
What did the British policy of salutary neglect of the American colonies in the early 18th century mean?
The British relaxed their supervision of the colonies' internal affairs while concentrating on defense and trade policies.
What consequences of the 18th century Great Awakening made it historically significant regarding authority?
Americans' new freedom to challenge authority within and outside the church
The French and Indian War started as a result of disputed land claims regarding what area?
The Ohio River Valley.
Pontiac's uprising in Detroit in 1763 was a direct cause of what event that restricted access to land for the colonists?
The Proclamation of 1763
Before the American Revolution, the colonists' achieved the greatest effect by using which means of protest?
England had a clear advantage at the outset of the Revolutionary War, but Americans had what factors operating in their favor?
A more motivated military
Who had the most power under the Articles of Confederation?
Most of the power remained with the states
What did Shays's Rebellion demonstrate to American political leaders?
A stronger national government was needed to solve the nation's monetary problems
The Great Compromise led to what outcome?
A bicameral legislature with a House of Representatives and a Senate
The three-fifths compromise dealt with what issue?
The critical disagreement that led to the emergence of political parties in the mid-1790's was based on what issue?
Hamilton's financial plan
Thomas Jefferson's vision for the future of the United States included what major idea?
Western territories populated by independent yeomen farm families
Why was the Whiskey Rebellion significant?
It showed that the new federal government would use force if necessary to uphold its authority
Why was the decision in the case Marbury v. Madison (1803) of great importance in American history?
It marked the first occasion on which the Supreme Court declared that it had the power to rule national laws unconstitutional
What major principal did John Marshall's decisions uphold? (hint: who has the power?)
The supremacy of national laws over state laws
Why did a national market emerge in the United States between the 1780's and about 1820?
The system of production changed to a centralized location and new transportation systems distributed goods throughout the United States.
What were the characteristics of the South prior to the Civil War?
Cotton was dominant, slaves were common, culture was paternalistic, free-blacks lived near cities, education was limited to upper class
Nativist fears were directed mostly at which group in early and mid-19th century America?
What were the three key elements of Clay's American system?
Protective tariff, subsidized internal improvements, and the national bank
What defined the Democrats under Andrew Jackson?
Support for average Americans
How did President Andrew Jackson change the federal system of office holding?
Jackson introduced the principle of rotation in office to discourage long tenure
What were the characteristics of the north (industrial and old northwest) prior to the Civil War?
Rapid population growth, free blacks could own land, slums developed in cities, industrial economy but still emphasis on farming
What event was the critical catalyst for antebellum reforms and women's rights movement?
The Second Great Awakening
Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and Ralph Waldo Emerson were well known which movement?
What was the purpose of Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin"?
Intended to show the cruelty of slavery
Why was the Missouri Compromise necessary?
Missouri wanted admittance to the Union as a slave state, which would have offset the balance between slave and free states
Why did President Jackson push through the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
Because these tribes inhabited some of the most fertile farm land and locations and he believed white settlers had rights to the land
What event was similar to the Nullification Crisis of 1832?
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
What was the main purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention?
Assert the rights of women as equals to men morally, socially, and politically
By 1860, the majority of African Americans lived and worked as slaves in which region?
What was the American Party, or Know-Nothings, that emerged in the North in the 1850's?
The American Party originated in anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic societies of the 1840's
Why did the United States decline to annex Texas in 1837?
President Van Buren feared that annexation would spark a civil war over the issue of slavery
What was the critical issue facing political parties in the late 1840's?
Expansion of slavery
What did the 1845 annexation of Texas provoke?
The Mexican War
What did the Wilmot Proviso, introduced in Congress in 1846, propose to do?
Prohibit slavery in any territory the United States acquired from Mexico
Americans who lined up behind the free-soil cause in the late 1840s
Declared that slavery threatened American republicanism by undermining family farms
What policies were implemented as part of the Compromise of 1850?
Passage of a new Fugitive Slave Act, Admittance of California as a FREE state, Abolition of slave TRADE in Washington, D.C., popular sovereignty in NEW MEXICO and UTAH, adjusted border of Texas
In the aftermath of Lincoln's election to the presidency in 1860, southerners feared what?
Lincoln would break his promise and interfere with slavery where it existed
How did the Union raise money to pay for most of its Civil War costs?
By selling bonds
Which pair of battles marked the turning point in the Civil War?
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
What did the 13th Amendment do?
Prohibited slavery throughout the United States.
What was the Freedmen's Bureau?
Created by Congress, it helped ex-slaves adjust to freedom and secure their basic civil rights
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History: Modern America
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
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