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Lower Extremity Review
Terms in this set (12)
How can you tell a male and female pelvis apart?
relatively broad, low pelvis
ilia that project farther laterally
loss curvature on sacrum and coccyx
wider, more circular pelvic inlet
enlarged pelvic outlet
broader pubic angle
The MCL and LCL prevent which types of stress at the knee? And how can we test these ligaments with a distal force - describe your hand positions.
MCL - prevents valgus force (test by applying valgus force)
LCL - prevents varus force (test by applying varus force)
What are the muscles that abduct the hip? And what happens when there is a problem with one of these muscles?
gluteal muscles, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae
trendelenburg gait (gluteus medius)
Your femoral nerve has been entrapped due to a pelvic fracture. Describe the region of sensory impairment.
Your client is unable to stand up on his toes. What nerve do you suspect is injured.
Plantarflexion --> posterior compartment --> tibial nerve
The lateral compartment of the leg produces which movements to the foot? How many muscles are in this compartment and what are they?
assist plantarflexion, eversion
What actions do the anterior thigh muscles perform at the knee?
What are the muscles that flex the hip?
Adductors and Pectineus
Tensor Fasciae Latae
What three muscle tendons make up the pes anserine?
Gracilus, sartorius, semitendinosus
The sciatic nerve wraps 2 nerves in a common sheath. What are these 2 nerves?
What is the artery that runs through the thigh? What are these two nerves?
Femoral artery --> deep femoral
circumflex femoral - medial and lateral
The femoral head and neck get their blood supply from the medial and lateral _____________ arteries, which are direct branches from the ___________ artery.
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