Upgrade to remove ads
history vocabulary midterm
Terms in this set (36)
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
One of the three social classes in France before the French Revolution- the first consisting of the clergy, the second consisting of the nobles, and the third is the rest of the population
The wealthiest members of the Third Estate, seen as the middle class, merchants, bankers, lawyers, ect.
king of France from 1774 to 1702; his unpopular policies helped trigger the French revolution. Deposed by the National Convention, he was executed by guillotine.
In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages. French for "without breeches"
Queen of France, she was queen during the French Revolution and disliked by many French citizens. She was found guilty of treason and guillotined.
an assembly of representatives from all social classes, in France.
a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
people who leave their native country for political reasons, like the nobles and others who fled France during the peasant uprisings of the French Revolution
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
radical writer of Paris, wrote the "Friend of the People"
member of a radical political organization during the French Revolution
Leading figure of the French Revolution; he was known for his intense dedication to the Revolution. He became increasingly radical and lead the National Convention during its most bloodthirsty time
Reign of Terror
the period, from mid-1793 to mid-1794, when Maximilien Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed
general; Emperor of France; he seized power in a coup d'état in 1799; he led French armies in conquering much of Europe, placing his relatives in positions of power. Defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled on the island of Elba
a sudden seizure of political power in a nation
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
inspired by the English Bill of Rights and the American Declaration of Independence and Constitution, this was a charter of basic liberties
a lawyer, was among the clubs most talented and passionate speakers. He also was known for his devotion to the rights of Paris's poor people
Committee of Public Safety
confronted with domestic and external threats, the National Convention gave this group broad powers to insure the safety of France. Chief tax was to protect the Revolution from its enemies.
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal
a formal agreement - especially one between the pope and a government, dealing with the control of Church affairs
a government-run public school in France
a comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France following the revolution
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
The use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region
policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
A conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
Scorched Earth Policy
the practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy cannot live off the land
Duke of Wellington
British general who would defeat Napoleon in Belgium at the Battle of Waterloo
Congress of Vienna
following the defeat of Napoleon, the victors restored order to Europe by restoring monarchs displaced at Maximillian's reign as Emperor
Klemens von Metternich
Austrian statesman and diplomat; he was the Austrian representative at the Congress of Vienna
Balance of Power
a political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
a league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe
a series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World History Chapter 17 Terms
Brugger Chapter 17-18
Age of Revolution Study Guide - World Hi…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789…
chapter 7 french revolution
Chapter 23 Key Terms
Chapter 23 Vocab.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
forces and motion
human bio: reproductive system
human bio: the endocrine system
AP Gov: Federalism Key Terms