Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (100)
Which type of research is directed towards specific objectives and is conducted using animals and other nonanimal models such as computers and tissue cultures?
Which level of biomedical research is considered a foundation or "building block" level?
Julio is a researcher and has been assigned to collect statistical data on the Zika virus. What level of research is he working on if his findings will be used to develop a vaccine or new treatment?
Which group is often given a placebo or inactive substance when a new medication is tested in biomedical research?
Which type of study is the human equivalent of animal testing and is administered by providing or withholding a substance to determine its toxic or beneficial effects?
Stan is working with a type of research study with some limitations. This study cannot respond to other functions within a living organism or whole body systems. This type of research can be identified as:
Which type of research involves human subjects and is conducted after other forms of research have already taken place?
An experimental medication is being tested on research mice. To obtain the most accurate results, the test should include an experimental group and a/an:
Which type of research method may be conducted on either animals, humans, computer models, or tissue cultures?
Descriptive epidemiological studies identify:
The FBI has described the tactics of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) as:
Animals are used in biomedical research because:
they are the best surrogates because of their similarities to humans.
What percentage of animals used in biomedical research are rodents?
A major university is using animals to study multiple sclerosis. What agency must make annual unannounced inspections of this biomedical research lab?
Which animal, most often used in medical research, has a short life span, breeds easily, and is biologically similar to humans?
Research experiments that use animals as models should be set up using the three Rs, which are:
replace, reduce, and refine the use of animals.
Animal research is only valid if the animals are:
not stressed out and are healthy.
Human intolerance and discrimination of animals is known as:
What disease was eradicated in the United States due to animal research, and children are no longer required to have its vaccine to enter public school?
An example of reduction in animal research is:
substituting in vitro tests.
When a researcher anticipates that an animal may experience pain during a procedure, the researcher:
makes every effort to ensure the animal does not feel discomfort.
The Animal Welfare Act was passed in 1966 specifically to govern:
the use of animals in research, testing, and teaching.
The agency that requires all prescription and over-the-counter drugs to be tested on animals before being tested on humans is the:
Animals that were not included in the original Animal Welfare Act include:
rats, mice, and birds
Which medical development used to treat children battling leukemia was made possible by animal research?
When researchers apply for a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, for what process are they seeking approval?
creating a transgenic animal
The chromosome pairing XX in a human represents:
Chemical properties refer to how the material will:
interact with other materials.
Reproductive cloning is also called:
somatic cell nuclear transfer.
Implanting a gene from one organism into an embryo will create a:
When creating a cloned mammal, what structure contains the genetic information the scientist intends to clone?
Scientists implant genetic information from one species into another to create a customized strain of mice for research. What are these scientists creating?
What animal was successfully cloned in a research facility in Scotland in 1996 from an adult stem cell?
The first reports of successful mammal cloning date to the:
Regenerative medicine relies heavily on the use of:
Clean rooms are special facilities that are designed to:
keep airborne particles out.
Which structure has the potential to develop into any other cell within the human body?
The first step to building a new organ using regenerative medicine is to build a:
Nano is a prefix that means:
What approval process do biomedical researchers seek when they create a transgenic animal?
apply for a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
The nucleus of a cancer cell when compared to a normal cell is:
The main contributing factor for most cases of uncontrolled cell division that occurs in human cancers is:
mutation of genes.
What type of biopsy removes the entire lesion?
UV light, radium, and coal tar are examples of:
What system in the human body can recognize foreign cells like cancer cells?
Which type of biopsy, also called a cytology test, uses a very thin needle, does not cut through the skin, but sometimes does not remove enough tissue for a definite diagnosis?
fine needle aspiration biopsy
Cancer-associated mutations change key:
During which phase of tumor development is the mass considered malignant?
DNA segments at the end of chromosomes that play a part in cell age are called:
The Gardisil vaccine has been advertised to reduce the rates of cervical cancer; however, this immunization works for males and females alike against which viral infection common among young adults?
A mass of cancerous cells that originates in the epithelial layer of skin or within the lining of internal organs is known as a/an:
What is the main difference between cancer cells and normal cells?
cancer cells grow at a faster rate than normal cells
The jelly-like substance inside a cell refers to the:
Which type of cancer accounts for the highest number of deaths each year?
What is a chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and causes a genetic alteration?
Martha's colon cancer has not spread. When abnormal cells are only found in the tissue of origin, this refers to:
A cancerous tumor's function closely resembles which part of the human body?
Which approach would effectively and noninvasively address most forms of cancer?
What disease may be the result of genetic changes over long periods of time?
Which term refers to a tumor that is not deemed cancerous and has not invaded nearby tissues?
Acyclovir, used commonly to treat shingles, herpes simplex, and chicken pox, is grouped into which drug category?
Maria went swimming in a freshwater lake where snail larvae infected with Schistosoma are common. Maria later experiences a rash accompanied with diarrhea and abdominal pain. What is most likely causing these symptoms?
Which illness currently has an attenuated vaccination available?
The NIH, CDC, and FDA are all divisions under which federal agency?
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
What public health measure to prevent infectious disease can decrease the occurrence of rabies?
animal control programs
When analyzing the term antibiotic, the literal definition refers to the destroyer of:
Which is the most common reservoir for the Clostridium tetani pathogen?
The World Health Organization has identified measles and polio as the targeted diseases for global eradication. These diseases could one day:
be completely eliminated.
Milk pasteurization is an example of:
food safety programs.
Rifampin is a medication commonly prescribed to treat:
Which pathogen is treated with medications that may be highly toxic to humans?
Globally, what is the leading cause of death?
Cancer patients rely on the public to have what type of immunity to protect them from diseases?
Why does the United States not vaccinate against waterborne illnesses?
These illnesses mostly exist in developing countries.
Natural defense mechanisms within the body include tears, saliva, and:
mucous and nasal membrane secretions.
Marcus has HIV and was recently diagnosed with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Which term best describes this new diagnosis?
A team of researchers is dispatched to South America to study the occurrence of the Zika virus within that region's population. What is this an example of?
Bacteria use which process to reproduce quickly?
Which group of symptoms is most common for tuberculosis patients?
cough (sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats, and fever
Which are symptoms of the West Nile virus?
fever, headache, body aches, and continued fatigue weeks to months after exposure
The investigation of drugs and poisons in the body in cases of illegal drug use, drug abuse, poisoning, and death is an example of forensic:
A noninvasive diagnostic test that is used for early identification of potentially fatal disorders and monitoring of some conditions is known as a/an:
The medical examiner who is in charge of death investigations is usually qualified as a:
Jacob uses his training in physical anthropology to determine the age, gender, height, and medical history of a skeleton. Gender can be determined by the width of the:
The study of how a person's genes determine individual response to a medication is known as:
The Latin word rigor means:
What is the best method for assuring accurate diagnostic test results?
Follow the test's standard operating procedure.
A body has been found in a local North Carolina park. Who is required to view the body, determine the cause of death, and order an autopsy if necessary?
Healthcare workers and the general public are protected from the spread of infectious disease by treating specimens as:
The study of gene responses to a particular medication is known as:
A neurologist is conducting a clinical trial for a new Alzheimer's disease drug. One of the clinical trial participants dies. The neurologist would like to conduct a specialized exam to investigate the effectiveness of this new drug. This type of exam is known as a:
People can find out whether they have inherited genes that affect their risk for many diseases and other conditions. Because genes are such an important factor in health, the United States enacted the:
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act.
The lab technician first visually inspects the sample, then performs a series of chemical tests. If abnormalities are noted, the technician then utilizes a microscope to look for cells, microorganisms, and crystals. What body fluid is the technician testing?
What is karyotyping?
a technique for looking at an organism's set of chromosomes
How many pairs of chromosomes does a human have?
The internal surgical exam analyzes the contents of the victim's stomach and intestines. What is most helpful about this information?
The information helps to determine time of death.
Blood pooling in various tissues can help investigators determine the position of the body at time of death. This is helpful because:
livor mortis causes blood to settle in the lowest parts of the body, which results in the discoloration of tissues.
The SOP of a forensic autopsy is to begin by examining the:
exterior of the body.
Sam buys a home cholesterol test from the drug store. This device is regulated by what branch of government?
At a small rural clinic where extensive laboratory testing is unavailable, a patient reports symptoms of a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and fever. Which method would be best for the doctor to obtain a quick diagnosis based on the symptoms?
rapid strep test
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
BIOMED TECH TEST 1
BMT 1 Review
1.02-1.03 study guide
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Psych 253 - Lifespan Development
Bio Lab 4
Bio Lab 3 Study Guide
Bio Lab 1 and 2 Study Guide