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UNIT 5 ROAD to the REVOLUTION
Terms in this set (34)
committees of correspondence
a letter writing campaign between the colonies about the wrongdoings of the British
formal written request to someone in authority signed by a group of people
an army of citizens
refusal to buy goods and services
citizen soldiers who were ready to fight in a minute's notice
Ohio River Valley
a major reason for conflict between Britain and France during the French and Indian War
Treaty of Paris 1763
loss of land during the war led to France losing power in North America
battle strategies over forts and cities 1758-1760
The British captured and gained control of French forts and cities along important waterways during the French and Indian War.
"Join, or Die." political cartoon
Ben Franklin used a segmented snake to symbolize the individual colonies suggesting that without one another they might all die. His message was for the colonies to unite together to become a strong, successful force.
crisis in the colonies
protests break out in many colonies following the passage of laws such as the Quartering Act, Stamp Act, Tea Act, and Sugar Act
Quartering Act, 1765
to shift the costly burden of British troops, the British government passed a law requiring colonists to house and provide for British soldiers
French and Indian War
-result of long lasting border dispute over the Ohio River Valley
-Great Britain emerges as a dominant colonial power
-France loses land to Spain
Proclamation Line of 1763
forbade colonists to settle WEST of the Appalachian Mountains
Chief Pontiac's primary source quote excerpt, 1763
"It is important for us, my brothers, that we exterminate from our lands this nation which seeks only to destroy us. You see as well as I that we can no longer supply our needs, as we have done from our brothers, the French...."
- The British issue the Proclamation of 1763 as a result of the feelings in this quote
French and Indian War
the name for the Seven Year's War in the American colonies
British cultural insensitivity
following the French and Indian War, Native Americans grow increasingly disenchanted with the British for moving onto their land, unfair trade practices, and other restrictions/mistreatments
Albany Plan of Union, 1754
historically significant because it was the colonists' first attempt at working together as a representative body ~ contains language that shaped our US Constitution
Prime Minister William Pitt
his leadership will turn the tide of battle in favor of the British during the French and Indian War
Stamp Act, 1765
required colonists to purchase a paper stamp for just about every legal document in use at the time
-- causes major opposition and turmoil amongst colonists because they felt it was unlawful to impose taxes just to generate revenue... and they felt that the British were controlling every aspect of life and limiting their freedoms
Townshend Acts, 1767
import tariffs placed on goods such as tea, paper, lead, paint, and glass
- - affected colonial merchants
George Hewes, 1773, primary source quote excerpt, The Boston Tea Party
"It was now evening and I immediately dressed myself in a costume of an Indian......I repaired to Griffin's wharf, where the ships lay that contained the tea.... I fell in with many who were dressed, equipped and painted as I was....."
The Boston Tea Party, December 16, 1773
colonial response the Tea Act - an organized boycott where colonists dumped 342 chests of tea in to the Boston Harbor, dressed as Mohawk Indians
The Coercive (Intolerable) Acts, 1774
meant to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party and other protests
-closed the Boston Harbor and port
-outlawed Massachusetts town meetings**
-British soldiers accused of crimes were tried in England
-a new Quartering Act was passed
The Battles at Lexington and Concord, 1775
signal the beginning of the American Revolution
Paul Revere and other riders April 18, 1775
traveled a series of strategic routes to alert the colonial militia of British movement to march on Concord to seize a rebel weapons and ammunition store
a lantern light
"One if by land, and two if by sea..."
- signal for Paul Revere according to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem "Paul Revere's Ride"
Causes and Effects of the American Revolution
The British and the Americans continued to act and react to each other in the form of laws and rebellions... eventually leading to war.
"No taxation without representation!"
the colonists' cry to King George and the British Parliament - colonists do not want to be taxed if they have no representation or voice in the passage of laws
Stamp Act, 1765
many colonists felt that the passage of this law by the British was ILLEGAL...
- They felt the British should not tax strictly to generate revenue; only to regulate trade.
writs of assistance
general search warrants allowing officers to search any ship or building they suspected might hold smuggled goods -
- eventually leads to the 4th Amendment to the Constitution
Why do historians CORROBORATE evidence?
to check the reliability of that evidence
Primary source v. Secondary source
Primary sources are usually eyewitness accounts; secondary sources are not.
Olive Branch petition
sent to King George as a last effort to make peace
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