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91 terms

Medical Terminology - Chapter 1

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Adenitis
Inflammation of the gland.
Adenoma
Tumor of a gland.
Adenopathy
A disease condition of a gland (often enlargement) of a gland.
Anemia
Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction.
Arthralgia
Pain of a joint.
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint.
Autopsy
Examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death.
Biology
Study of life (living organisms).
Biopsy
Process of reviewing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
Carcinogenic
Pertaining to producing cancer.
Carcinoma
Cancerous or malignant tumor.
Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head.
Cerebral
Pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain).
Cystitis
Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Cystoscopy
Visual examination of the urinary bladder.
Cytology
Study of cells.
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.
Dermatology
Study of the skin.
Diagnosis
Complete knowledge of a patient's condition.
Electrocardiogram
Record of the electricity within the heart.
Electroencephalogram
Record of the electricity within the brain.
Endocrine Glands
Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream.
Endocrinologist
Specialist in the study of the endocrine glands.
Endocrinology
Study of the endocrine glands.
Endoscope
Instrument to visually examine within the body.
Endoscopy
Process of visual examination within the body.
Enteritis
Inflammation of the small intestine.
Enteropathy
Disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine.
Epidermis
The outer later of the skin.
Epigastric
Pertaining to above or upon the stomach.
Erythrocyte
Red blood cell.
Excision
Process of cutting out; removal; resection.
Exocrine Glands
Organs that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body.
Gastrectomy
Removal or excision.
Gastric
Pertaining to the stomach.
Gastroenterology
Study of the stomach and intestines.
Gastrotomy
Incision of the stomach.
Gynecologist
Specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system.
Gynecology
Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system.
Hematology
Study of blood and blood disorders.
Hematoma
Collection or mass of blood.
Hemoglobin
Blood protein contained in red blood cells.
Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver.
Hepatoma
Tumor of the liver; hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hyperglycemia
High levels of sugar in the blood.
Hyperthyroidism
Secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone, or T4).
Hypodermic
Pertaining to under the skin.
Hypogastric
Pertaining to below the stomach.
Hypoglycemia
Too little sugar in the blood.
Iatrogenic
Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure.
Incision
Process of cutting into or making an incision.
Leukemia
Disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells.
Leukocyte
White blood cell.
Leukocytosis
Slight increase in white blood cells.
Nephrectomy
Removal of a kidney.
Nephritis
Inflammation of a kidney.
Nephrology
Study of the kidneys and kidney disease.
Nephrosis
Abnormal condition of the kidney.
Neural
Pertaining to nerves.
Neuralgia
Pain of nerves.
Neurologic
Pertaining to the study of nerves.
Neurology
Study of nerves and nerve disorders.
Oncologist
Specialist in the study of tumors, particularly malignant growths.
Oncology
Study of tumors particularly malignant growths.
Ophthalmologist
Specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders.
Ophthalmoscope
Instrument used by an ophthalmologist to visually examine the eyes.
Osteitis
Inflammation of a bone.
Osteoarthritis
Inflammation of bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints.
Osteotomy
Incision of a bone.
Pathogenic
Pertaining to producing disease.
Pathologist
A specialist in the study of disease.
Pathology
Study of disease.
Pediatric
Pertaining to treatment of children.
Pericardium
The sac surrounding the heart.
Prognosis
State of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness.
Prostate Gland
Produces semen, which contains fluid and sperm cells.
Psychiatrist
Specialist in treatment of the mind.
Psychiatry
Treatment of the mind.
Psychology
Study of the mind.
Radiology
Study of x-rays and related procedures for diagnosis.
Renal
Pertaining to the kidney.
Resection
Removal or excision of an organ or part of the body.
Retrocardiac
Pertaining to behind the heart.
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nose.
Sarcoma
Tumor (malignant) of flesh tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage.
Subhepatic
Pertaining to below the liver.
Thrombocyte
A clotting or platelet.
Transhepatic
Pertaining to across the liver.
Urology
Study of the urinary tract.