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Ku Klux Klan
secret organization of whites who intimidated blacks (and later Jews, immigrants, etc.)
person who farms on someone else's land and pays part of the crop for the rent (became another way of slavery)
government program giving food & shelter (40 acres land & mule) to former slaves to get them on their feet
statement by Union president, Abraham Lincoln, that proclaimed freedom for slaves in states that were in rebellion against the Union
Union plan during the Civil War for a naval blockade shaped like a snake squeezing the South
secret network of escape routes to smuggle run-away slaves to freedom in the North
money paid in order to vote; used in Southern states to stop blacks from voting beginning during Reconstruction
former slave who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad, nicknamed black Moses
abolitionist who led forces in Bleeding Kansas as well as a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia to get weapons
place where John Brown tried to raid the federal arsenal to arm slaves for a rebellion
amendment granting citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves
says that the right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied by anyone or any state on account of race, color, or being a slave before
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act; believed in states' rights
a person dedicated to preventing the expansion of slavery into the western territories by moving there
Harriet Beecher Stowe
woman author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly which persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery
Confederate general who earned his nickname for standing firm at the Battle of Bull Run
battle of the American Civil War that was a turning point for the North since they finally won a major fight
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people living in those territories the right to choose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty (voting)
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