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U.S. History First Semester Final Exam Review 2018

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The people have the right to overthrow their government if it abuses power.
What was one idea that the leaders of the American Revolution and the Enlightenment thinkers shared what idea?
Free markets based on supply and demand
Natural law was a fundamental idea the Enlightenment. Which concept is an application of natural law to the government's role in the economic lives of its citizens?
First 10 Amendments to the Constitution.
What is the Bill of Rights also known as?
Disrupt public safety, cause safety concerns for others.
Freedom of assembly is guaranteed by the first amendment, but assemblies can be broken up if protesters
Banning of slavery - religious liberty - right to trial by jury
According to the Northwest Ordinance, to receive land the person must adhere to each of the following provisions.
Lack of a national army showed the need for a stronger national government
In what way did Shay's Rebellion of 1786 lead to the formation of the U.S. Constitution?
Composed taxes on the colonists without their consent.
Which of the following statements best describe the colonists' views that King George had violated the social contract?
All 13 states had to approve changing it
What made it almost impossible to change the Articles of Confederation?
Free market
An economic system which relies on the idea of laissez-faire to regulate prices and wages
Protect new industries from foreign competition
During the early days of industrialization, why did many members of Congress believe that tariffs were necessary?
Eastern and Southern Europeans
By the 1890s, more than half of all immigrants in the United States were
Would work for low wages
Why did many labor unions oppose immigration?
Abundance of natural resources - growing urban population - emergence of the middle class
What factors that contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s?
Assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture
The main goal of the Americanization Movement was?
Pull factors- Industrial jobs - land availability - Bill of Rights freedoms
Push factors- famine, war, poverty, etc.
Reasons why immigrants chose to emigrate to the United States?
Acquiring new markets and sources of raw materials
What did the annexation of Hawaii, the Open Door Policy with China, and the construction of the Panama Canal in Latin America all have in common?
Cuba - Puerto Rico - the Philippines
All of the following came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War?
Emerged as a world power
How did the Spanish-American War (1898) marked a turning point in American foreign policy?
Americas expansion in the Pacific helped make the United States a global power.
Hawaiian Planters Urge American Annexation!
What conclusion can be drawn from this newspaper headline?
Declare war on Spain
The publication in the picture and similar news stories encouraged Congress to do what?
U.S. imperialism was wrong
What does Mark Twain mean by this opinion? "I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. we have gone to conquer, not to redeem. . . . I am opposed to having the American eagle put his talons on any other land.
United States was producing too many goods for its own people to buy.
How did the rapid growth of industry in the United States help fuel imperialism?
Protecting social welfare - fostering efficiency in the workplace - creating economic reform
The progressive movement regarded all of the following as worthy goals.
Industrialization and Urbanization
Progressivism used the principles of science to solve the problems resulting from ______________?
Shift in population from rural areas to cities in pursuit of job opportunities.
Urban cities grew in size at the turn of the 20th century. What was one significant result of this pattern of urban change?
Protect consumers against unsafe products
The Pure Food and drug Acts and the Meat Inspection Act were attempts by Congress to _______________________?
Unqualified candidates were being chosen by government officials.
Why was the 17th Amendment added?
Women didn't vote in great numbers until later in the century.
How successful was the 19th Amendment immediately after passage?
Militarism - Alliances - Imperialism - Nationalism
What were the causes of WWI?
Airplanes and Tanks
What were some new weapons of WWI?
The US Senate refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles
1) President Wilson proposes the 14 Points at Paris Peace Conference in 1919
2) 39 US Senators sign petition against US entry into the League of Nations
Question:
3) Which action would belong next in the sequence as it relates to WWI?
Allowed the government to silence ideas that challenged its authority.
Why did the Espionage and Sedition Acts affect freedom of speech?
The Fourteen Points
What was President Wilson's peace plan known as?
It would drag the United States into European conflicts.
Why did Senators oppose U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
Contributed to the recognition of African-American culture
What is ONE reason why the Harlem Renaissance was important?
Many people increased their debt
Why was the prosperity of the 1920s somewhat of an illusion?
A challenge to the traditional roles of their mothers and grandmothers.
What does the flapper image of the 1920s represent?
Communism
According to Mitchell A. Palmer, something was "eating its way into the homes of the American workman, its sharp tongues. . . . . . .licking the alters of the churches."
Question: What is the threat?
Because of the prohibition of alcohol
What is one reason why speakeasies became popular in America?
A hatred towards communism and anarchy, prejudice towards Eastern Europe, and public opinion could prevent the accused's right to a fair trial
What did the Sacco and Vanzetti trial show about the 1920's?
Did not restrict immigration enough
What is one criticism that Nativists might have regarding the Emergency Quota Act of 1921?
Highlighted the struggle between science and religion in American schools
What was the MAIN significance of the trial of John T. Scopes?
They separated the races.Example: "white only" park benches, water fountains, etc.
What were Jim Crow Laws?
Racial segregation in public schools was legal. "Separate but equal."
What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
Poll taxes - grandfather clause - literacy tests
What kept African Americans in the South from voting?
Improve their economic value to society
What did Booker T. Washington advocate for African Americans to improve their lives?
Higher education
What did W.E.B. DuBois advocate for African Americans to improve their lives?
Equality among the races
What was the primary goal of the NAACP?