Against life (germ life). Antibiotics are drugs given to combat bacteria.
Proteins made by white blood cells to destroy antigens.
Substance (protein) that stimulates the production of antibodies.
Destruction of microorganisms to prevent infection.
Substance produced against a toxin (poison); an antibody.
Antibodies that are produced against an individual's own normal cells.
Branching or forking into two parts.
Pertaining to both or two sides.
Slow heart beat, usually less than 60 beats per minute.
Abnormality present at birth; birth defect.
Tissue that supports and binds other tissues and parts. Examples are bones, cartilage, muscle, or fibrous tissues.
A factor that prohibits the administration of a drug or procedure in the care of a patient.
Affecting the opposite side of a part of the body.
Excessive loss of water.
Separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function.
Distance between opposite parts on the circumference of a structure.
Diarrhea is the frequent passage of watery, loose stools.
Condition of abnormal formation.
A pregnancy that is outside the uterus.
The inner lining of the heart.
Instrument to visually examine within the body; bronchoscope.
Pertaining to within the trachea.
Layer of cells covering the external surface of the body and lining the hollow tubes within the body.
Condition of exaggerated well-being ("good feeling").
Normal thyroid function.
Eyeballs that protrude from their sockets; associated with hyperthyroidism.
Removal (resection) of half the tongue.
Condition of excessive or high blood pressure; diabetes mellitus.
Condition of increased formation of cells.
Condition of increased development when individual cells increase in size.
Placement of a needle below the skin.
Condition of decreased sugar in the blood; low blood sugar.
Pertaining to below the ribs.
Pertaining to without sleep; an insomniac is a person who cannot sleep.
Pertaining to between the ribs.
Pertaining to within a vein.
Condition of a larger than normal head.
General feeling of bodily discomfort.
Condition of change of shape or form.
Spread of a malignant tumor beyond its original location to a distant site.
Instrument to view small projects.
Pertaining to a newborn infant.
Deficiency of all cells (blood cells).
Destruction of nerve tissue leading to loss of sensation or motion in a part of the body.
Four endocrine glands on the posterior (dorsal) region of the thyroid gland.
Pertaining to through the skin.
Membrane surrounding a bone.
Pertaining to a nucleus with several or many shapes. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are white blood cells with a multilobed nucleus.
Inflammation of many nerves.
Pertaining to occurring before a malignant condition.
Pertaining to before birth.
Symptom that appears before the onset of a more serious an illness. An example of a prodrome is the fever that signals the onset of a viral illness.
Sliding forward or downward.
Insertion of a gene (region of DNA) from an organism into the DNA of another organism.
Sliding or falling back; as in recurrence of symptoms or decline after apparent recovery.
Literally, to send back to good health; disappearance of disease symptoms.
Pertaining to behind the peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity).
Between acute (sharp, sudden, severe) and chronic (lasting over a long period of time with little change of symptoms).
Pertaining to under the skin.
Pertaining to above the pelvic bone.
Close association between organisms of different species or a state in which two people are emotionally dependent on each other.
Equality of parts, literally measured together.
Literally, to grow together.
Fusion of fingers or toes; a congenital anomaly.
Group of symptoms that occur together indicating a particular condition or disorder.
Literally, to put (-thesis) together (syn-).
Literally, to pour (-fusion) across (trans-); transference of blood from person to another.
Pertaining to across or through the urethra.
The prefix ultra- means beyond or excessive; sonography is the process of recording sound waves. Ultrasonography is the use of high frequency sound waves that are beyond the range of normal hearing to produce a record or picture of an organ or tissue.