Create an account
The chief constituents of proteins, these are acids that contribute to protein synthesis. Amino acids are formed when large proteins molecules are digested.
Yellow or organ fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It travels from the gallbladder into the small intestines to help digest fats.
Pertaining to bile or affecting the bile ducts. Bile ducts empty bile into the small intestine (duodenum).
Four point, dog-like (canine means dog) teeth. Each canine or cusped tooth is third from the midline of the jaw.
Surgical anastomosis (create a new opening) between the common bile duct and the jejunum.
Common bile duct
Tube carrying bile from the gallbladder and liver into the first part of the small intestine.
The process of breaking down complex foods into simpler substances that can be absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine.
New surgical connection between parts of the small intestine and colon; anastomosis.
Substances that are produced when fats are digested. They combine with glycerol to form fat.
The tubular system relating to the stomach and intestine beginning with the mouth and ending with the anus.
New surgical opening between the stomach and the jejunum; an anastomosis. The procedure is part of a gastric bypass surgery.
Storage form of glucose (sugar); it produces glucose when it is broken down (glycogenolysis) in liver cells.
Ring of muscles that are between the ileum and the cecum (first part of the large intestine).
Surgical construction of an artificial opening from the ileum to the outside of the body through the abdominal wall.
Hormone secreted by specialized cells in the pancreas. Insulin facilitates transport of sugar from the blood into body cells.
Laparoscopy visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen and abdominal organs through small abdominal incisions.
Enzyme (-ase) that digests fats; produced by cells in the pancreas and secreted into the duodenum.
Large, reddish-brown organ in the right upper quadrant (RUQ) of the abdomen. It secretes bile, forms blood proteins and metabolizes fats, proteins and sugars.
Membrane that holds the intestine together; a fold of the peritoneum attaching the small intestine to the dorsal (back) body wall.
Sixth, seventh and eighth teeth from the middle or either side of the dental arch. The most posterior molar is known as the wisdom tooth.
Roof of the mouth; hard palate is the front bony portion and the soft palate is the posterior fleshy part near the throat.
A procedure used to treat cases of snoring or sleep apnea caused by obstructions in the throat or nose.
Gland under and behind and the stomach; produces enzymes to digest foods and the hormone insulin to transport sugar to cells.
Pertaining to by some route other than through the gastrointestinal tract, as by intravenous injection.
Rhythm-like contractions of the tubes of the gastrointestinal tract and other tubular structures.
Either of the two teeth on each side of each jaw, just behind the canine teeth and in front of the molars.
Three pairs of exocrine glands secreting saliva into the mouth; parotid glands, sublingual glands, and submandibular glands.
Chief form of fat (lipids) in body cells; composed of three molecules of fatty acids and one molecule of glycerol.
Fingerlike, microscopic projections on the inner surface of the small intestine; sites of absorption of foods and fluids.
Failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) to relax; dilation of the esophagus and loss of peristalsis occurs.
Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by hyperactive movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract.
Small, pouch-like herniations through the muscular wall of a tubular organ such as the colon.
Backflow of solids and liquid against its normal direction of disease movement.
Inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpes virus. Painful, fluid-filled blisters are produced by the infection and known as cold sores or fever blisters.
Jaundice; yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Severe inflammation of the small and large intestine (colon); examples are Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.
One portion of the intestine slips into an adjoining part; telescoping of the intestines.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Group of gastrointestinal symptoms (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and bloating) associated with stress and tension.
A symptom of illness marked by yellow-orange discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes resulting from excess bilirubin in the blood.
Inflammation of the colon and rectum with the presence of ulcers; an inflammatory bowel disease.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together