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66 terms

Medical Terminology - Chapter 9

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Androgen
Hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sex characteristics, such as beard growth and deepening of voice.
Anorchism
Congenital absence of one or both testes.
Aspermia
Failure in a male of production of sperm cells (spermatozoa) as well as ejaculation of semen (fluid and sperm cells).
Azoospermia
Lack of live spermatozoa in the semen.
Balanitis
Inflammation of the glans penis.
Bulbourethral gland
One of a pair of exocrine glands, located on either side of the male urethra, gland just below the prostate gland. It secretes fluid that is part of semen; Cowper gland.
Castration
Removal of sex glands (gonads); ovaries or testes.
Chancre
Primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genitalia of a male or female.
Chlamydia
Sexually transmitted bacterial infection that invades the male urethra and female vagina and cervix.
Circumcision
Surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of penis.
Cowper gland
Bulbourethral gland.
Cryogenic surgery
Use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue.
Cryptorchism
One or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth.
Ejaculation
Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation.
Ejaculatory duct
Tube through which semen enters the male urethra.
Embryonal carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the testes.
Epididymis
One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis. It carries sperm cells to the vas deferens.
Epididymitis
Inflammation of an epididymis.
Erectile dysfunction
Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence.
Eunuch
A male who is castrated before reaching puberty.
Flagellum
A flagellum is a hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile.
Fraternal twins
Two infants born of the same pregnancy from two separate ova and two twins separate sperm cells.
Glans penis
Sensitive tip (surrounded by foreskin) of the penis.
Gonorrhea
Sexually transmitted infection involving inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes and caused by gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria).
Herpes genitalis
Sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by the herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters.
Hydrocele
Hernia (sac of clear, watery fluid) within the scrotum.
Hypospadias
Congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis.
Identical twins
Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two separate embryos.
Impotence
Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction.
Interstitial cells
In the testes, these cells lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce testosterone.
Ligation
Tying off a tube or blood vessel. Thread or wire is used.
Oligospermia
Scanty (less than the normal number of sperm in semen) sperm count.
Orchiectomy
Removal (excision) of a testis.
Orchiopexy
Surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum.
Orchitis
Inflammation of a testis.
Parenchyma
Functional, essential tissue of an organ. The seminiferous tubules are the parenchyma of the testis.
Perineum
In a male, the external area between the anus and scrotum. In a female, the external area between the anus and the vagina.
Phimosis
Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce (foreskin) over the glans penis.
Photoselective vaporization of the prostate
A minimally invasive surgical procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia in which a green laser light is used to remove prostatic tissue.
Prepuce
Fold of skin covering the glans penis (tip of the penis); foreskin.
Prostatectomy
Removal (excision) of the prostate gland.
Prostate gland
Exocrine gland, in men, at the base of the urinary bladder. It secretes fluid (part of semen) into the urethra during ejaculation.
Prostatic hyperplasia
Increased growth of the prostate gland in numbers of cells. This is a hyperplasia benign condition (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH).
Prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate gland.
Purulent
Pus-filled; forming or containing pus.
Scrotum
Sac that contains the testes and associated organs.
Semen
Fluid discharged at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells and secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands.
Seminal vesicle
One of a pair of sac-like male exocrine glands lying behind the urinary vesicle bladder and opening into the vas deferens. It secretes fluid that is the major part of semen.
Seminiferous tubules
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce spermatozoa in the testes.
Seminoma
Malignant tumor within a testis.
Spermatogenesis
Formation of sperm cells.
Spermatozoa
Sperm cells.
Spermatozoon
Single sperm cell.
Spermolytic
Pertaining to destruction of sperm cells.
Sterilization
Procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells.
Stroma
Supportive, connective tissue of an organ.
Syphilis
Sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochetes). A chancre (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion.
Teratoma
Malignant tumor of a testis or ovary; composed of embryonic cells that develop into different types of tissue.
Testicular
Pertaining to a testis or testicle.
Testicular torsion
Twisting of the spermatic cord and blood vessels of the testes.
Testis
Male gonad that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone, testosterone.
Testosterone
Male hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes.
Varicocele
Enlarged, dilated veins near a testicle.
Vas deferens
Narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra.
Vasectomy
Removing a piece of each vas deferens and tying off each end.
Vasovasostomy
New opening (anastomosis) of the ends of a severed vas deferens. This surgical procedure reverses a vasectomy.