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Politics of the United States
Polvere 8th grade Chapter 7
Chapter 7 A More Perfect Union 1777-1790
Terms in this set (48)
A two-house legislature, most states established this.
A government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
To make a formal written request
To fall in value
An agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
To match up in size
The freeing of individual enslaved persons
A period of slow economic activity and increased unemployment
Movement of the 1700s that promoted knowledge, reason, and science as means to improve society. It also influenced the Constitutions Architects.
Sharing power between federal and state governments
Part of the Constitution
Lawmaking branch of the government
Branch of government headed by the president that carries out laws and policies
Special group of presidential electors
Court system that enforces the laws and interprets the law.
checks and balances
The roles the three branches of government have to ensure
that no single branch can dominate the government
Supporters of the new constitution
Those who opposed ratifying the new constitution
Something added to a legal document
Passed in 1787, created a single Northwest Territory out of lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi. They would be divided into 3 to 5 smaller territories, when a population reached 60,000, the people could partition for statehood. It included a bill guaranteeing freedom of religion and trial by jury. It was also the U.S. first attempt to stop the spread of slavery
He was from Connecticut and he suggested what was later to become known as the Great Compromise.
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution. Changes have to be approved by 13 states. One accomplishment of this was its ability to handle new states int he west.
The central government authority. Needs 9 states to pass a law.
He was the presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention
A plan of government. Under the federal system it has the final authority. Was influenced by the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights. Three delegates almost didn't sign it unless it included a Bill of Rights. One major weakness was that it could not deal with the nation's finances. Those who opposed this feared it would take away rights from the people. Must be approved by 9 states.
The division of powers between the national government and the states, It created shared powers a distinctive feature of the US government.
One of the two states that kept its charter as its constitution. Last state two ratify the Constitution.
The Federalist Papers
A book of essays explaining and supporting the constitution
Separation of powers
the most distinctive feature fo the United States government
First state two approve the Constitution
Bill of Rights
George Mason of Virginia proposed this to included int he constitution, he worried without protection of this the new national government might abuse its power.
In 1787, farmers in Western Massachusetts had their land seized to pay Revolutionary War debts. Led by Daniel Shay farmers rebelled, after for revels were killed the farmers scattered, and the uprising was over. This forced courts to close so judges could not confiscate land.
The Great Compromise
This broke the deadlock between large and small states. Proposed by Roger Sherman.
Constitutional Delegates voted for a national government based on this plan. Established a two house legislation. This was written by James Madison.
The Ordinance of 1785
This established a procedure for surveying and selling the western lands north of the Ohio River. Divided the land into townships.
New Jersey Plan
Proposed by William Paterson, modified the Articles of the Confederation, kept a one house legislation.
National (Federal) government
Has powers to tax, regulate trade, control the currency, raise an army and declare war
Has the power to pass and enforce laws and regulate trade within their borders. They could also establish local governments, schools, and other institutions affecting the welfare of its citizens.
The power to tax and build roads.
States adopted constitutions that limited their power.
Believed that all people had the right to life, liberty, and property.
Was created out of the lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River.
Practice of Slavery
The Revolutionary War brought this into focus.
He introduced the Virginia Plan
Mercy Otis Warren
She was an anti federalist from Massachusetts.
Committee's solution in order to count enslaved people for taxation and representation.
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