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France: Loire, Champagne, Alsace
Terms in this set (53)
Pays Nantais, Anjou-Saumur, Touraine, Upper Loire
What are the four wine growing regions of the Loire?
Melon de Bourgogne (Muscadet), Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Arbois, Chardonnay
Main white grape varieties of the Loire
Vouvray & Savennieres
What are the 2 most well know Chenin Blanc based wines?
Melon de Bourgogne
Muscadet is also know as what grape?
Cabernet franc (85%)
Saumur-Champigny produces spicy red wines based on what percentage of red grape?
Saumur Mousseux (at least 60% Chenin Blanc)
What sparking wine appellation is Saumur most famous for?
Vouvray Chenin Blanc
Touraine is home to what well know dry still white wine?
Chinon, Bourguiel, St-Nicholas-de-Bourgueil
Touraine is home to what (3) well
Known red appellations?
Sauvgnon Blanc and Sauvignon Gris
The Cheverney AOC produces white wines from a blend of which two grapes?
What wine region do both Pouilly Fume and Sancerre lie in?
Sancerre = West Bank, chalky limestone soils, crisp acidity
Pouilly-Fume= East bank, flinty soils, smokiness
Name the two 100% Sauvignon Blanc wines from the Upper Loire and their 3 main characteristics
Montagne de Reims, Vallee de Marne, Cote de Blancs, Cote de Sezanne, Cote des Bar
Name the five main zones of Champagne from North to South
Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay
Name the 3 main grape varietals used in Champagne production.
Chalk and kammeridgian marble
What two soil types is Champagne most famous for?
Cliffs of Dover & Salisbury England, Loire Valley, Burgundy
Where else in the wine growing world, besides Champagne, is Kimmeridigian marl present?
Great water retention, heat retention, heat reflection
What are the benefits of the Kimmeridigian soil type?
Traditional measurement for the quantity of grapes allowed in the press in Champagne = 4,000 kilos
Majority of juice from free run and first pressings- rich in sugar and acidity
Juice from 2nd pressing, traditionally used for Demi sec or extra dry brut production since it is lower in sugar and acid
Juice from third pressing, can be used in still wine or dessert wine production or spirits or vinegar
Neutral tasting base wine produced from the various pressings
Define vins clairs
Grand cru = 17 = score of 100%
Premier Cru= ~40 = score b/t 90-99%
Name the number of grand cru villages as well as premier cru villages as well as their former necessary score on the echelle des crus
Bas-Rhin & Haut-Rhin
Name the two geographic departments Alsace is divided into
Vosges Mountains & Rhine River
Name the mountain range and river Alsace is nestled between
Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc or Muscat
What are the 5 main white varietals of Alsace?
Alsace AOC, Alsace Grand Cru AOC, Cremant d'Alsace AOC
Name the 3 appellations within Alsace
Blends of permitted white varieties in Alsace, wines with minimum 50% of noble varieties will be labeled Gentil
What is Edelzwicker?
CHABLIS, COTE D'OR, COTE CHALONNAISE AND MACONNAIS
What are the 4 distinct wine producing areas in Burgundy (pls name north to south)
Cote de Nuits and Cote de Beaune
What two segments is the Côte d'Or divided into?
Term used in Burgundy to describe plots of land whose boundaries have been defined by terroir
What is a climat?
In Burgundy specific climats (plots, terroir) are assigned these rankings whereas in Bordeaux specific chateaux (producers) are assigned the ranking
What is the difference between grand cru and premier cru assigning in Burgundy versus Bordeaux
33 GCs, they are also assigned their own AOC (appellation d'origen controlee)
What other ranking are Grand Crus in Burgundy assigned and how many GCs are there?
More than 600! They fall under the appellation of their commune
How many premier crus are ranked in Burgundy?
Les Clos, Vaudesir, Bougros, Blanchot, Les Preuses, Valmur, Grenouilles
What are the 7 parcels that the Grand Cru Chablis is divided into?
Soil type! Located on less desirable Portlandian soil as opposed to the coveted Kimmeridigian marl
What differentiates Petite Chablis from Chablis, Chablis Premier Cru, or Chablis Grand Cru
Pinot Noir- makes up 90% of production (24 Grand Cru vineyards here)
What grape is the Cote de nuits ideal for?
Chardonnay- 7/8 of the grand crus here are white grape exclusive
What grape is the Cote de beaune known for?
What region of Burgundy can Pouilly-Fuisse and St. Veran be found in?
Climate and Soil type
Climate: slightly warmer continental climate
Soil: Granitic soils
What differentiates Beaujolais from Burgundy
Gamay (98% of production)
What grape dominates most of the Beaujolais landscape?
How many Beaujolais Crus are designated within the 11 Beaujolais appellations?
St.-Amour, Julienas, Chenas, Moulin-a-Vent, Fleurie, Chiroubles, Morgon, Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Regnie
Name at least 5/10 of the Beaujolais Cru villages
Chiroubles, Fleurie, St. Amour
Name the generally lighter style Beaujolais cru
Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Julienas, Regnie
Name the generally fuller bodied Beaujolais cru
Chenas, moulin a vent, Morgon
Name the generally age worthy Beaujolais cru
Steep sided valleys surrounding the Rhône river coming out of the alps/ Massif Central. Continental climate (hot summers, cold winters)
Describe the general terroir of northern rhone
Broad area of lowlands breaking out from the mountains to the north, Mediterranean climate (abundant sunshine, warm temps, minimal rainfall)
Describe the general terroir of southern rhone
Large rounded stones found in souther Rhône that are washed down from the northerly mountains
What is a galet?
Syrah, Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne
What are the 4 major grape varieties of northern Rhône?
Grenache, Syrah, Carignan, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Grenache Blanc, Clairette
What are the major grape varieties of southern Rhône?
13! Includes both white and reds
How many grape varieties are approved for use in Chateau neuf du Pape?
Southwest France: south of Bordeaux and west and north of the Languedoc
What areas does the Sud-Ouest include?
Diversity of styles and grape varieties- Bordeaux varieties planted here but also many indigenous varieties as well!
What are these regions of Sud-Ouest known for?
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