Medical Terminology - Chapter 12
Removal of the adenoids.
Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx.
Pertaining to an alveolus.
Alveolus (plural alveoli)
An individualized section of an air sac in the lung.
Loss of the sense of smell.
Apex of the lung
Uppermost portion of the lung.
Pertaining to the tip of an organ.
Stoppage of breathing.
Deficient oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.
Base of the lung
The lower portion of the lung.
Abnormal widening bronchial tubes.
Small bronchial tube.
Inflammation of a bronchiole.
An agent that opens bronchial tubes.
Pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura.
Involuntary muscular contractions in bronchial tubes leading to narrowing of the bronchi.
Branch of the trachea that leads toward the air sacs of the lung.
Gas produced in tissue cells when oxygen and food combine.
The response of the immune system to foreign invasion.
Thin hairs that line the nasal passageways and tubes of the respiratory tract.
Abnormal condition of bluish coloration of the skin.
Muscle that separates the chest and abdomen; aids breathing.
Abnormal voice or sound produced by speaking.
Pus in the pleural space (cavity) surrounding the lungs.
Thin piece of cartilage that covers the entrance to the voice box and windpipe when a person is swallowing.
Inflammation of the epiglottis.
Coughing up of mucus or sputum from the throat and respiratory tract.
Process of breathing out or exhalation.
Slit-like opening between the vocal folds of the larynx.
Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract.
Blood in the chest (pleural cavity) surrounding the lungs.
Hilum of the lung
Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs.
Pertaining to the hilum.
Increased levels of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.
Increase in breathing rate.
Deficiency of oxygen in tissues.
Act of breathing in or inhalation.
Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
Involuntary contraction of muscles surrounding the voice box.
Inflammation of the larynx or voice box.
Voice box, located at the upper region of the trachea.
Removal of a lobe or section of an organ, such as the lung.
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum.
Region between the lungs in the chest cavity.
Passageways through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities.
Placement of a tube through the nose into the stomach.
Breathing is only comfortable when a patient is in an upright position.
Gas inhaled and entering the bloodstream through the lungs.
One of a pair of collections of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx at the back of the mouth near the soft palate.
One of a pair of air cavities in the bones near the nose.
Outer layer of the pleura lying closest to the chest wall.
Pertaining to the throat or pharynx.
Throat, nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
Carries impulses to the diaphragm from the brain.
Double-folded membrane surrounding each lung.
Space between the pleura surrounding each lung.
Abnormal condition of collection of dust particles in the lungs.
Removal of a lung.
Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity between the pleura and surrounding the lungs.
Pertaining to the lungs.
Essential parts of the lungs responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli.
Pus collection in the pleural cavity.
Exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) at the lung capillaries (external respiration) and at the tissue capillaries (internal respiration).
Surgical repair of the nose.
Discharge of mucus from the nose.
Inflammation of paranasal sinuses.
An instrument to measure breathing.
Pertaining to the chest.
Endoscopic visualization of the chest.
Incision of the chest.
Removal of tonsils.
Narrowing of the trachea.
Incision of the trachea.
Innermost membrane of the pleura, lying closest to the lung tissue itself.
Abnormal condition of cola dust in the lungs; black lung disease.
Abnormal condition of asbestos fiber particles in the lungs.
Chronic inflammation disorder, characterized by airway obstruction and caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production.
Listening for sounds in the chest and abdomen using a stethoscope.
Rod-shaped bacteria that are the cause of tuberculosis.
Irrigation or washing of a bronchus by injecting fluid through a bronchoscope and then reviewing it to analyze the contents.
Chronic dilate of bronchial tubes caused by infection of the lower lobes of the lungs.
Visual examination of the bronchial tubes using an endoscope or bronchoscope.
Series of x-ray images that show an organ in depth.
Inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Lung and bronchial tube conditions that block and damage airways and persist over a long period of time. Examples are chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Computed tomography of the chest
Computer generated x-ray images showing thoracic structures in cross-section.
Enlargement of the right side of the heart due to lung disease.
Acute viral infection in children and infants marked by obstruction of the larynx and barking cough.
Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in mucous secretions that do drain normally.
Acute infection of the throat caused by diphtheria bacteria; characterized by formation of a thick membrane that destructs the throat and breathing.
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
Tube is placed through the mouth and throat into the trachea to establish an airway.
Fluid cells or other substances that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or breaks in cell membranes.
Water or fluid that accumulates in the pleural space surrounding the lungs.
Endoscopic visual examination of the larynx.
Surgical removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination of cells.
Malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchial tubes.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest
Magnetic waves create images of the chest in all three planes of the body.
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum.
Rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with asbestos exposure.
Obstructive lung disease
Narrowed airways result in resistance to airflow during breathing. Examples are asthma, bronchiectasis, COPD, and cystic fibrosis.
Relieving, but not curing an illness.
Pertaining to a sudden occurrence.
Tapping on the surface to determine the underlying structure.
Whooping cough; bacterial infection of the throat, larynx and trachea.
Collection of fluid in the pleural cavity.
Scratchy sound produced by inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other.
Inflammation of the pleura; pleuritis.
Pain that is caused by inflammation of the pleural cavity or intercostal muscles.
Acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli, which fill with pus, and produces inflammation.
Presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity causing the lung to collapse.
Positron emission tomography of the lung
Radioactive substance is injected into a patient and the images reveal the metabolic activity in the lung for diagnosis of malignant tumors.
Collection of pus in the lungs.
X-ray recording of lung blood vessels after injecting contrast into the pulmonary artery.
Collection fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles of the lung.
Clot or material from a distant vein that blocks a blood vessel in the lung.
Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lung.
Pulmonary function tests
Tests that measure the ventilation (breathing) mechanics of the lung.
Lung tissue that is damaged or dies as a result of blood vessel occlusion and tissue ischemia.
Abnormal, fine, crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli.
Restrictive lung disease
A condition in which lung expansion is limited by diseases that affect the chest wall pleural or lung tissue itself.
Loud, rumbling sound heard on auscultation of bronchi that are obstructed by sputum.
Chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs.
Silica glass dust collects in the lungs; a type of pneumonia.
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or by clearing the throat; phlegm.
Sputum is collected and placed on a growth medium to analyze the type of microorganisms that may be prevented.
Strained, high-pitched noisy breathing associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space.
Visual examination of the chest using small incision and an endoscope.
New opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
Determines past or present exposure to tuberculosis based on a positive skin test.
Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Lungs are usually involved but other organs may be affected.
Chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion.
A detection device records radioactivity after an injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas.
Continuous high-pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration.
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