103 terms

Medical Terminology - Chapter 22

External expression of emotion; emotional response.
Fear of leaving home or leaving a safe place.
Loss of memory.
Central nervous system stimulants.
Anorexia nervosa
Eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight.
Antisocial personality
Characterized by lack of loyalty or concern for others and lack of moral standards.
Anxiety disorders
Characterized by unpleasant tensions, distress, and avoidance behavior; examples are phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic distress disorder.
Drug that relieves anxiety and produces a relaxing effect.
Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement.
Asperger syndrome
A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; often considered a less severe type of autism.
Atypical antipsychotics
Drugs used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other serious mental illnesses (psychoses).
Severe lack of responsiveness to others, preoccupation with inner thoughts, withdrawal and retarded language development.
Autistic thought
Preoccupation with self-centered, illogical ideas and fantasies that exclude the external world.
Drugs used to treat anxiety and panic attacks.
Bipolar disorder
Mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression.
Borderline personality
Instability in interpersonal relationships and sense of self; alternating involvement with and rejection of people.
Bulimia nervosa
Eating disorder marked by binge eating followed by vomiting, purging (defecation), and depression.
Active substance in marijuana; THC.
Catatonic stupor
A type of schizophrenia marked by inability to move or react to the environment.
Fear of closed-in places.
Cognitive behavior therapy
Changing behavior patterns and responses by training and repetition and learning how thinking patterns cause symptoms, such as anger, anxiety and depression.
Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly.
Conversion disorder
A physical symptom appears with no organic basis and as a result of anxiety and inner conflict.
Patient experiences alternating states of depression and exhilaration; mild form of bipolar disorder.
Defense mechanism
Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.
Confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior.
Delirium tremens
Confusion in thinking, anxiety, tremors, and sweating occurring with withdrawal from excessive and habitual use of alcohol.
Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.
Loss of higher mental functioning, including memory, judgment, and reasoning.
Major mood disorder marked by chronic and excessive sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement.
Dissociative disorder
Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; examples are multiple-personality disorder and psychogenic amnesia.
Sadness, hopelessness, and depressive mood; feeling "low."
Depressive episodes, but not of the same intensity or duration as major depression.
Central, coordinating branch of the personality.
Electroconvulsive therapy
Electric current produces a convulsive seizure to treat mood disorders (depression or the depressive phase of bipolar disorder); used in patients who are resistant to drug therapy or when rapid response is needed.
Exaggerated feeling of well-being; elevated mood, "high."
Compulsive need to expose one's body, particularly the genitals, to an unsuspecting stranger.
Family therapy
Treatment of an entire family to resolve and understand their conflicts and problems.
Use of non-living objects, such as articles of clothing, as substitutes for a human sexual love object.
Free association
Psychoanalytic technique in which a patient is encouraged to reveal thoughts one after another without censorship.
Flight from customary surroundings; dissociate disorder.
Gender-identity disorder
Strong and persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex.
Group therapy
Patients with similar problems gain insight into their personalities through discussion and interaction together.
False or unreal sensory perception; hearing voices and seeing things.
Substance that produces hallucinations.
Histrionic personality
Highly emotional, immature, and dependent personality type with irrational outbursts, tantrums and flamboyant, theatrical behavior.
Induction of a trance-like state to consciousness in a patient to increase the pace of psychotherapy.
Exaggerated concern about one's health.
Elevated excitement that is of lesser intensity than mania.
Major unconscious part of the personality; instinctual drives and desires.
Insight-oriented therapy
Face to face discussion of life problems and feelings to increase understanding of thoughts and behavior patterns; psychodynamic therapy.
Strong impulse to steal, often with little actual desire for the stolen item.
Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change.
Drug used to treat the manic episodes in bipolar disorder.
State of excessive excitability, hyperactive elation and agitation.
Pertaining to the mind.
Mood disorders
Prolonged emotion dominates a person's life; bipolar and depressive disorders.
Non-reactive state; stupor.
Narcissistic personality
Characterized by grandiose sense of self-importance or preoccupation with fantasies of success or power; self-love without empathy for others.
Neuroleptic drug
Antipsychotic drugs used to treat psychoses such as schizophrenia and severe depression; examples are atypical antipsychotics such as aripiprazole (Abilify) and olanzapine (Zyprexa).
Repressed conflicts lead to mental symptoms such as anxiety and fears that disturb ability to function; less serious mental disorder than a psychosis.
An involuntary, persistent idea or emotion.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Anxiety disorder involving recurrent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive actions (compulsions) that dominate a patient's life.
Drug derived from opium. Examples are cocaine, morphine, and heroin.
Overly suspicious system of thinking with fixed delusions that one is being harassed, persecuted or unfairly treated.
Paranoid personality
Characterized by recurrent delusions of persecution and jealousy with suspicion and mistrust of other people; quick to take offense.
Recurrent, intense sexual urge; fantasy or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities and situations.
Need for sexual gratification with a child.
Personality disorder
Established, lifelong pattern marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.
Drugs used to treat serious mental illnesses or psychoses. They modify psychotic symptoms (delusions and hallucinations) and behavior.
Irrational fear of an object or an situation; claustrophobia (closed spaces), agoraphobia (leaving home or a safe place) and acrophobia (heights) are examples.
Play therapy
A child, through play, uses toys to express conflicts and feelings that he or she is unable to communicate in a direct manner.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Anxiety disorder that follows a traumatic incident; symptoms such as intense fear, helplessness, insomnia, nightmares and less responsiveness to the external world.
Projective test
Diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflect aspects of an individual's personality.
Physician who treats the mind and mental disorders.
Treatment of the mind and mental disorders.
Form of psychotherapy in which the patient explores his or her unconscious emotions and past to understand and change current behavior and feelings.
A group therapy in which a patient expresses feelings by acting out roles with other patients.
Pertaining to produced within the mind, having emotional and psychologic origin, rather than a physical cause.
Individual (Ph.D or Ed.D) specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease; treats patients with psychotherapy, but cannot prescribe drugs.
Treatment of psychiatric disorders with drugs.
Loss of contact with reality; often with delusions and hallucinations.
Pertaining to the inter-relationship of the mind (psych/o) and body (somat/o).
Treatment of the mind.
Strong impulse (obsessive urge) to set objects on fire.
Reality testing
Ability to perceive fact from fantasy.
Defense mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are automatically pushed into the unconscious.
Schizoid personality
Emotionally cold and aloof, as if split off from other people; indifferent to praise or criticism or to the feelings of others.
Psychosis marked by withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict.
Drugs that lessen anxiety.
Sexual disorders
Conditions involving sexual use of nonhuman objects and acts involving suffering, humiliation, and non-consenting partners. Disorders also include sexual dysfunctions such as inhibition of sexual desire or changes in sexual responses.
Sexual masochism
Sexual gratification gained by being mutilated, beaten, or bound or otherwise made to suffer by another person.
Sexual sadism
Sexual gratification gained by inflicting physical or psychologic pain or harm on others.
Somatoform disorders
Conditions in which the patient has physical or bodily symptoms that cannot be explained by any actual physical illness.
Substance-related disorders
Regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, opioids, sedatives), which can affect the central nervous system.
Internalized conscious and judgmental and moral part of the mind.
Supportive psychotherapy
Treatment that involves offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events.
Development of insensitivity to a drug; increasing doses of a drug are needed to produce a desired effect.
Process by which a patient relates to a therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure.
Transvestic fetishism
Cross-dressing by a male in women's attire.
Tricyclic antidepressants
Group of drugs used to treat severe depression.
Abnormal desire to look at sexual organs or watch sexual acts.
Fear of strangers.