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Characterized by lack of loyalty or concern for others and lack of moral standards.
Characterized by unpleasant tensions, distress, and avoidance behavior; examples are phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic distress disorder.
A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; often considered a less severe type of autism.
Drugs used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other serious mental illnesses (psychoses).
Severe lack of responsiveness to others, preoccupation with inner thoughts, withdrawal and retarded language development.
Preoccupation with self-centered, illogical ideas and fantasies that exclude the external world.
Instability in interpersonal relationships and sense of self; alternating involvement with and rejection of people.
Eating disorder marked by binge eating followed by vomiting, purging (defecation), and depression.
Cognitive behavior therapy
Changing behavior patterns and responses by training and repetition and learning how thinking patterns cause symptoms, such as anger, anxiety and depression.
A physical symptom appears with no organic basis and as a result of anxiety and inner conflict.
Patient experiences alternating states of depression and exhilaration; mild form of bipolar disorder.
Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.
Confusion in thinking, anxiety, tremors, and sweating occurring with withdrawal from excessive and habitual use of alcohol.
Major mood disorder marked by chronic and excessive sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement.
Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; examples are multiple-personality disorder and psychogenic amnesia.
Electric current produces a convulsive seizure to treat mood disorders (depression or the depressive phase of bipolar disorder); used in patients who are resistant to drug therapy or when rapid response is needed.
Compulsive need to expose one's body, particularly the genitals, to an unsuspecting stranger.
Treatment of an entire family to resolve and understand their conflicts and problems.
Use of non-living objects, such as articles of clothing, as substitutes for a human sexual love object.
Psychoanalytic technique in which a patient is encouraged to reveal thoughts one after another without censorship.
Patients with similar problems gain insight into their personalities through discussion and interaction together.
Highly emotional, immature, and dependent personality type with irrational outbursts, tantrums and flamboyant, theatrical behavior.
Induction of a trance-like state to consciousness in a patient to increase the pace of psychotherapy.
Face to face discussion of life problems and feelings to increase understanding of thoughts and behavior patterns; psychodynamic therapy.
Characterized by grandiose sense of self-importance or preoccupation with fantasies of success or power; self-love without empathy for others.
Antipsychotic drugs used to treat psychoses such as schizophrenia and severe depression; examples are atypical antipsychotics such as aripiprazole (Abilify) and olanzapine (Zyprexa).
Repressed conflicts lead to mental symptoms such as anxiety and fears that disturb ability to function; less serious mental disorder than a psychosis.
Anxiety disorder involving recurrent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive actions (compulsions) that dominate a patient's life.
Overly suspicious system of thinking with fixed delusions that one is being harassed, persecuted or unfairly treated.
Characterized by recurrent delusions of persecution and jealousy with suspicion and mistrust of other people; quick to take offense.
Recurrent, intense sexual urge; fantasy or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities and situations.
Established, lifelong pattern marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.
Drugs used to treat serious mental illnesses or psychoses. They modify psychotic symptoms (delusions and hallucinations) and behavior.
Irrational fear of an object or an situation; claustrophobia (closed spaces), agoraphobia (leaving home or a safe place) and acrophobia (heights) are examples.
A child, through play, uses toys to express conflicts and feelings that he or she is unable to communicate in a direct manner.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Anxiety disorder that follows a traumatic incident; symptoms such as intense fear, helplessness, insomnia, nightmares and less responsiveness to the external world.
Diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflect aspects of an individual's personality.
Form of psychotherapy in which the patient explores his or her unconscious emotions and past to understand and change current behavior and feelings.
A group therapy in which a patient expresses feelings by acting out roles with other patients.
Pertaining to produced within the mind, having emotional and psychologic origin, rather than a physical cause.
Individual (Ph.D or Ed.D) specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease; treats patients with psychotherapy, but cannot prescribe drugs.
Defense mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are automatically pushed into the unconscious.
Emotionally cold and aloof, as if split off from other people; indifferent to praise or criticism or to the feelings of others.
Psychosis marked by withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict.
Conditions involving sexual use of nonhuman objects and acts involving suffering, humiliation, and non-consenting partners. Disorders also include sexual dysfunctions such as inhibition of sexual desire or changes in sexual responses.
Sexual gratification gained by being mutilated, beaten, or bound or otherwise made to suffer by another person.
Sexual gratification gained by inflicting physical or psychologic pain or harm on others.
Conditions in which the patient has physical or bodily symptoms that cannot be explained by any actual physical illness.
Regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, opioids, sedatives), which can affect the central nervous system.
Treatment that involves offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events.
Development of insensitivity to a drug; increasing doses of a drug are needed to produce a desired effect.
Process by which a patient relates to a therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure.
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