How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

81 terms

A&P Skeletal Test Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
a large rough projection of bone (found only on the femur) is ?
trochanter
a small round projection of the bone is termed
tubercle
the smooth, rounded or oval articular process of a bone is termed a?
condyle
a deep depression on a bone is termed a?
fossa
a canal leading through the substance of a bone is termed a
foramen
in bone, the calcium phosphate forms crystals of
hydroxyapatite
cells that are formed in the exposed matrix area of the endosteum are the ?
osteoclast
the shaft of the long bone is called the
diaphysis
the head of a long bone is called?
epiphysis
the organic component of the bone matrix is?
osteoid
the region of the long bone where the epiphysis meets the diapiphysis is know as ?
metaphysis
prevents damage from bone to bone contact within movable joints?
articular cartilage
during the process...., and existing tissue is replaced by bone
ossification
the process of depositing calcium into a tissue is called?
calcification
damage to a bone because of extreme load, sudden impact, or stresses applied from an unusual direction is called?
fracture
any projection or bump on a bone is termed a
process
a bony extension that makes an angle to the right of the bone
ramus
the expanded articular end of an epiphysis that is seperated from the shaft by a narrower neck is termed a?
head
a smooth, grooved articular process shaped like a pulley is termed a?
trochlea
a rounded passageway for passage of blood vessels and/or nerves
foramen
the lucunae of a bone contain?
osteocytes
if the rate of osteolysis exceeds osteogenesis, bone will
become demineralized
during appositional growth
bone grows wider
when the epiphyseal plate is replaced by bone
the long bones have reached their adult length
premature closure of the epiphyseal plate could be caused by
elevated levels of sex hormones
which is greater?
osteoclast activity when calcitonin is absent
which is greater?
blood calcium levels when parathyroid hormone is increased
a fracture that is completely internal and does not break the skin
simple
an open fracture projects through the skin
compound
a break in the distal portion of the radius is called a....fracture?
colles
a fracture of the ankle that affects both bones of the lower leg is called a....fracture
pott's
the foramen magnum would be found in the.....bone?
occipital
the suture which forms the articulation of the two parietal bones is the
sagittal
the calvaria is formed by the....bones?
frontal,parietal and occipital
the zygomatic arch is formed by the union of processes from which two bones
temporal/zygomatic
the prominent bulge just posterior and inferior to the external auditory meatus is the
temporal
the bony portion of the nasal septum is formed by the
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid and vomer bones
the sacrum is composed of... fused bones
5 fused bones
the portion of the sternum the articulates with the clavicle is the
manubrium
the bony compartment that houses the brain is called the
cranium
the occipital bone articulates with the first cervical vertebrae at the
occipital condyle
the parietal bones articulates at the....suture
sagittal
the frontal and parietal bones articulate at the____suture
coronal
the fibrous area that exist between cranial bones at birth are called
fontanels
unusual distortion of the skull that occur from the premature closure of one or more fontanels is
craniostenosis
the first cervical vertebrae is also known as
atlas
the second cervical vertebra is also known as the
axis
true ribs are directly connected to the sternum by
costal cartilage
ribs that have no connection to the sternum are called...
floating ribs
ribs 8-12 are called....because they do not attach directly to the sternum
false ribs
the primary spinal curves
accommodate the thoracic and abdominopelvic viscera
the secondary spinal curves
help position the body weight over the leg
the condition of the sinus inflammation and congestion is called
sinusitis
an exaggerated thoracic curvature of the spine is known as
kyphosis
an exaggerated curvature of the lumbar spine is known as
lordosis
an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called
scoliosis
injuries to the cervical vertebra, muscles, and ligaments that result from abrupt movements of the head
whiplash
the fibrocartilage of the intervertebral disc is called
annulous fibrosis
the soft, elastic and gelatinous center of an intervertebral disc is called
nucleus pulposus
the entry of air into the pleural cavity is called
pneumothorax
bleeding into the thoracic cavity is known as a
hemothorax
acute, initial pain in the lower back is sometimes referred to as
lumbago
a physician (M.D) who specializes in the structure and function of bones is called
orthopedist
training that is similar to M.D.'s but generally place more emphasis on musculoskeletal functions
osteopaths
....... believe that many illnesses and discomforts can be cured by manipulating the spine
chiropractor
the appendicular skeleton consists of all the following, except
hyoid bone
which of the following is not a component of the appendicular skeleton
hyoid
the pectoral girdle contains the
scapula
which end of the clavicle is the larger end
acromial
the bone that articulates with the scapula at the glenoid fossa is the
humerus
the clavicle articulates with the scapula at the
acronium process
a landmark found near the proximal end of the humerus bone would be the
greater tubercle
compared to the male skeleton, the female skeleton
has a greater angle inferior to the pubic sympysis
differences in the skeleton of males and females can best be seen in the characteristics of
pelvis
the appendicular skeleton includes the bones of the upper and lower extremities and their supporting elements, or....
girdles
the bones of the forearm, or....., consist of the radius and the ulna
antebrachium
the movement that occurs when the radius is rotated medially over the ulna is called...
pronation
the point of attachment of the two pubic bones is the
pubic symphysis
a ligament from the ....attaches to the tibial tuberosity
patella
the only fixed support for the pectoral girdle is the
clavicle
the coccyx is composed of....fused vertebrae
3 to 5 fused bones