VPP2 Lessons 1-10

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Terms in this set (...)

divulge
to tell, to reveal
abet
to assist or encourage, especially in wrongdoing
ardor
an intense feeling of devotion or eagerness
dogmatic
arrogant and stubborn about one's beliefs
insipid
lacking flavor, dull, not at all stimulating
proclivity
a natural leaning or tendency
extraneous
not essential, not constituting a vital part
coerce
to force by using pressure, intimidation, or threats
jaundiced
prejudiced, hostile
occlude
to block the passage of
meticulous
extremely (sometimes excessively) careful about small details, precise
temerity
recklessness, a foolish disregard of danger
rote
a habitual, repetitive routine or procedure
ascribe
to credit as the cause or source
gregarious
sociable
disabuse
to free someone from believing something false
heresy
the act of holding a belief that goes against established doctrine
audit
to check the accuracy of financial accounts and records
motley
made up of dissimilar parts; being of many colors
libation
a drink, especially an alcoholic one
docile
easy to teach or manage; obedient
restive
restless and impatient
banter
teasing; playful conversation
castigate
to criticize or punish severely
anathema
a hated, repellent person or thing
gauche
lacking social graces, tactless
ignominy
public shame, disgrace, or dishonor
dither
to hesitate nervously
emaciated
extremely thin; wasted away
respite
to be discontent as though yearning for something; to complain
irascible
easily angered
bacchanalian
wild and drunken
maudlin
foolishly sentimental; ridiculously emotional
extradite
to turn over or deliver to the legal jurisdiction of another government or authority
furtive
stealthy; secretive
mettle
courage and determination
conflate
to combine into one
mercenary
a professional soldier hired by a foreign army
bastion
a strong defense or fort (or something likened to it)
avarice
greed
jettison
to cast overboard; to discard
solvent
able to pay all debts and financial obligations
ostracize
to banish; to shut out from a group or society by common consent
tackle
the equipment for a specific activity
copious
numerous; large in quantity
despondent
feeling gloomy or hopeless
protocol
the formal or official way of correctly doing something
candid
honest and straightforward; blunt
jingoism
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
redress
to make right; to correct
argot
special words or phrases used by a specific group of people
appease
to calm; to make satisfied (often only temporarily)
strident
harsh sounding; grating
chaos
complete disorder
expunge
to erase or eliminate
bigot
one who is intolerant of differences in others
augment
to enlarge; to increase in amount or intensity
toilsome
requiring exhaustive effort; laborious
negligence
careless neglect, often resulting in injury
privation
lack of basic life necessities; extreme poverty
retinue
followers or servants who accompany an important person
disparity
inequality; difference
extol
to praise highly
conscript
to force someone into military service
rancor
extreme hatred or ill will
clement
merciful; lenient
unfettered
free from restrictions
adamant
unyielding; firm in opinion
impute
to credit with cause or fault
diffident
lacking in self-confidence; shy
ostensible
professed but not necessarily true
inexorable
unrelenting; unavoidable
cliché
a worn-out idea or overused expression
opus (pl. is opera)
a creative work, especially a numbered composition
prate
to talk pointlessly and at length
credence
belief or trust
collate
to arrange into the proper order, especially documents
connoisseur
an expert in matters of culture, food, or wine
enigma
a mystery; something seemingly inexplicable
genteel
polite and respectable in manner
officious
excessively eager to deliver unasked for or unwanted help
fetid
having a bad odor
jaunty
having a buoyant, self-confident air; brisk and crisp
condone
to forgive or overlook an offense
torpor
a state of sluggish mental or physical activity; a state of not caring
enthrall
to captivate as ithough spellbound
dilettante
one who merely dabbles in an art or a science
venal
capable of betraying trust, esp if bribed
nuance
a slight or subtle degree of difference
cult
an organized grp of ppl with an obsessive devotion to a person or set of principles
transpose
to change the order or place of, esp letters, words, or musical notes
dilemma
a choice between two unpleasant or difficult options
sardonic
using mocking or scornful humor
intern
a student or recent graduate working as an apprentice while learning a job
ambivalent
having opposing attitudes or feelings toward a person, thing, or idea; unable to decide
destitute
extremely poor; lacking necessities like food and shelter
demure
quiet and modest; reserved
intrepid
without fear; brave
affront
an outrageous insult, often public
erudite
scholarly; learned
culmination
the highest point of attainment; the end or climax
rend
to tear apart violently
demagogue
a leader who appeals to citizens' emotions to obtain power
concur
to be of the same opinion; to agree with
lobby
to try to persuade officials to support or reject a cause
duplicity
intentional deceit in speech or conduct
belie
to falsely represent
droll
amusing in an odd or whimsical way
abate
to lessen in violence or intensity
glib
performed with such ease and skill as to appear insincere
abhor
to detest; to hate strongly
journeyman
a fully trained and qualified worker
dole
to distribute; to give out sparingly
portean
readily changeable in form, shape, or meaning
gamut
the whole range or extent
decorum
conformity to accepted standards of conduct; proper behavior
extrovert
one who is outgoing; one who is energized rather than drained by interactions with others
propagate
to spread or transmit. esp by reproduction
effigy
a crude dummy or image representing a hated person or group
austere
stern; severe; plain
sere
dry and withered
heinous
hatefully or shockingly evil
enhance
to increase the value or beauty of something
unctuous
exaggeratedly or insincerely polite
magnanimous
noble; generous in forgiving; free from petty feelings or acts
postulate
to assume or claim as true, esp when arguing
contrite
feeling regret for having committed some wrongdoing
collaborate
to work with another toward a goal
impound
to confine; to retain in legal custody
impeccable
faultless; without sin or blemish
inane
without sense or meaning; silly
expatriate
someone who chooses to live outside of, or renounce, his or her native country
frowzy
unkempt
evoke
to summon forth
emulate
to strive to be equal to; to imitate
cajole
to persuade with false promises and flattery
expound
to explain in detail; to clarify
métier
the work one is esp suited for; one's specialty; an occupation
balk
to refuse stubbornly or abruptly; to stop short and refuse to go on
incognito
disguised; pretending not to be oneself
acrimony
ill-natured, bitter hostility
dour
stern and ill-humored
harry
to annoy or harass
omniscient
having unlimited knowledge; all-knowing
feasible
reasonable; capable of being carried out
fiasco
a complete, ridiculous failure
inscrutable
not easily understood; hard to fathom
fluctuate
to rise and fall; to vary irregularly
lethargy
lack of energy; sluggishness
exult
to rejoice; to feel triumphant