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PULSE Fall Final (Nolan)
Terms in this set (28)
Explain four of the new ideas that grew out of their trying to understand God's plan in the light of these failures (of the Jewish people in the 1st Century B.C.).
1. messiah - (king, warrior, priest) who will conquer the Roman Empire and bring a new age
2. end of times - destructions where God will judge individuals and punish the wicked
3. afterlife - resurrection/punishment where blessings and curses happen to individuals in the next life
4. dark force - (satan) who is combating with the force of light, but is not equivalent to God
Who are the Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots, and Essenes?
Sadducees - "conservatives" of the ruling upper class who controlled the temple and cooperated with the empire
Pharisees - "liberals" of reform form within who sought the purity of their own community and believed in the Messianic redemption/resurrection and devoted to the Torah and its strict adherence
Zealots - "freedom fighters" who wanted to overthrow the Roman Empire who abided by no rule bu the law and no king but God
Essenes - "separatists" who thought society was corrupt and livd a devout life communally without private property
How does the approach of each of these sects go against the mission of Jesus?
Zealots - believed in fighting for their freedom and the land that they believed was rightfully for God, but Jesus did not endorse violence as a means to settling disagreement
Pharisees - separated themselves from unfaithful/sinners, but Jesus spoke of heaven and eternal life for the blessed and all
Essenes - took up arms against the Romans and separated themselves from society and did not alive any unclean people into their sect, but Jesus went to the marginalized/exiled and spoke to them, teaching them worth and forgiveness
Sadducees - believed that all punishments and rewards will be given in the current life, but Jesus spoke of heaven and eternal life for the blessed
Why does the Gospel of Matthew begin with a genealogy?
shows that Jesus is a descendant of King David which is where people expected the Messiah to come from and links the Hebrew Scriptures to the New Testament
In the Gospel of Matthew, the author emphasizes to his readers that Jesus is the long-awaited Jewish messiah. List three examples from the Gospel where this is emphasized.
1. Lord appears to Mary and Joseph and she bores a child from emaculate conception
2. Jesus gets baptized even though he has no sin to fulfill and it is open to the Heavens
3. he is compassionate, healing every disease among the people and gave them the beatitudes giving a sermon on the mount
List two possible reasons that the genealogy in Matthew includes four women.
1. prefigure Mary's own marital dilemma
2. women are scandalous reminding people that Jesus hung out with scandalous people
3. they were foreign and that shows how it is not unusual for non-Jewish people to play important roles
4. they were of marginalized communities and had tarnished sexual histories and give us hope that anybody can be on the side of Jesus
Why do the beginning chapters of the Gospel of Matthew include 10 quotations for the Hebrew Scriptures?
the prophets were predictors and this is the number of completion for the Jewish people
Which portion of the Hebrew Scriptures are they from?
Torah, Wisdom Literature and the Prophets
Why is Joseph described as righteous in the story of Mary's pregnancy and how does this foreshadow the justice of the New Testament?
he is engaged to Mary who is a virgin and instead of accusing her of adultery he sends her away and acts against the Tora commands and listens to the angels
What evidence does Nolan provide for this claim that he sides with John the Baptist?
he asks to get baptized by him and knows like John that Israel is heading down the wrong path
Why would Jesus be more sympathetic to John than to the other sects of his time?
because there are similarities in their teachings (social morality and radical inclusiveness)
List several ways that Jesus thwarts Jewish expectations regarding their messiah.
hangs out with the low of society (sinners and prostitutes)
from Nazareth which indicates the lowliness of his birth
he preaches that blessed are the poor in spirit and the persecuted (they are not seen in God's favor)
How is Jesus' considerations regarding poverty in the Sermon on the Mount different from those in the Hebrew Scriptures and how are they alike?
similar - have an urgency to help the poor
different - says poor are blessed and pushes for more compassion in the laws; Jesus is more radical
According to Nolan, what was the principal suffering of the poor?
shame and disgrace and dependence on others with no money and power to be independent
Who were considered sinners in Jesus' time?
a well-defined social class equal to the poor but in a more broad sense; included those who had sinful or unclean professions and those who did not give religious tithes
dishonest and unaware of the laws
What is the significance of Jesus' healings?
initiator of faith; extreme reluctance to perform miracles and he forgave those without truly knowing what they did; he also only healed the sick who were righteous and did it out of true compassion
In what way and why was Jesus' behavior considered scandalous?
he went out of his way to interact with the low people of society and accepted them as equals which took away their shame and humiliation
What was the most significant difference between Jesus and John the Baptist?
Jesus didn't necessarily abide by God's rules and John did
What is Jesus' view regarding wealth? What Gospel passages back this up?
he did not idealize poverty and his main concern was to ensure that no one should be in want; he wanted people to share their material wealth
ex. Lazarus and the rich man
According to Nolan, why was Jesus critical of the scribes in Pharisees?
criticism of their practice in which they lived for the prestige and admiration so he challenged their practices
What does Jesus mean when he tells his followers to become like little children?
children have no prestige but they have value so people so live prestige-less
Explain Jesus' attitude toward wealth as illustrated in the story of Lazarus and of the rich man?
he wanted to revolutionize the world but he hated that the rich man did to see the pains of the poor man so until people start to give and have respect for poor people it is difficult to enter the kingdom of God
According to Nolan, what does Jesus mean when he tells his disciples that he does not come to bring peace but a sword?
refers to the radical change of values and a new universal solidarity rather than an old group of solidarities; he did not want people to show love and compassion due to familial ties
According to Nolan, what distinguishes the power of God from the power of Satan?
satan is the owner of domination and oppression and God is the power of service and freedom
Explain what the kingdom of God is and hoe Jesus conceives it.
located in the sky and is characterized by a place where spirits dwell even for the poor and oppressed; this includes loving ones neighbor even if evil and love should be for everybody
Why does Jesus speak in parables?
to simultaneously conceal and reveal the truth; primary form of teaching; meant to invite thought
simple stories that are about simple everyday things but are complex in thought
What are the main features of Jesus' parables?
serve = life is whole and nature of life is sacred; we serve because life is holy
How does Jesus treat the Canaanite woman and that accounts for his behavior?
he originally shuns her (because she was Jewish and did not want to follow him) then accepts her to show that God is inclusive of all
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