Three Branches of Government
Branches of Government, who is each branch, and what powers each branch has
Terms in this set (28)
Who is Legislative Branch
Congress; The Senate and House of Representatives. It makes law - a bill
Who is Executive Branch
The President, Vice President and the Cabinet. It carries out laws made by the legislature branch.
Who is Judicial Branch
Supreme Court (9 judges). It interprets the laws and settles disputes. They need to make sure the laws support the constitution
Powers of Legislative Branch
Congress can set/collect taxes, borrow money, regulate trade, coin money. Congress must set up postal service and issue patents/copyrights. War must be authorized by congress. Write laws.
Powers of Executive Branch
Enforce laws; commander in chief of armed forces, authority to make treaties, appoint supreme court judges; appoint ambassadors, declare wars; veto bills from COngress
Powers of Judicial Branch
Interprets the constitution and other laws; reviews lower courts decisions or make sure the are being constitutional
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution.
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage. It was replaced in 1788
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press. The federal government cannot interfere with these rights and must protect.
A detailed, written plan for government; setting out rules and laws on how government is organized and run
A person appointed or elected to represent others; a representative
a proposed idea that people hope will become a law
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives.
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
federal, state and local laws
3 branches of government
Executive, Legislative, Judicial - structure of our government system. It is a system of checks and balances
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power. One cannot be as more powerful than the other
how many senators are there
2 from each state; 100 total; to be a senator you must
how many house of representatives
based on population; 435 representatives; 13 from NJ; to be congress person you mus
how a bill becomes a law
1. written 2. discussed in committee + voted 3. discussed in House of Reps. and Senate + voted on in both 4. President signs it or vetoes it (which brings back to Congress, needs 2/3 vote to override veto)
who takes over if President and VP can rule
the speaker of the house of Representatives
part of the executive branch - has 14 departments that help advise the presents examples transportation; education; defense
what do you need to be president
1) born in the us; 2) 35 or older; 3) lived in us for 14 years
examples of checks and balances
1) legislature drafts bills - Executive can veto - judicial can decide if law is constitutional 2) executive appoint supreme court judges and legislature needs to approve 3) if executive branch vetoes - legislature can override 2/3; 4) executive can pick cabinet but legislature needs to approve them
democracy vs dictatorship
democracy ruled by the people; dictatorship is ruled by one
preamble to constitution
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. key words - union, justice, liberty, tranquilty and defense.
Expresses reasons why Constitution was written. Establishes that the power of government comes from the people. Justice - that people are treated fairly and have the same rights; that the people live peacefully and orderly; that the military is strong enough to protect us; provide for the common good (welfare) of everyone; liberty - citizen are free to have the same opportunities.
5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition