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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
American History Exam Review
Terms in this set (150)
As a colony, Maryland was a bit different because it welcomed ________.
William and Mary seized control of the English throne after staging a violent military coup. (TF)
Mercantilists believed that to become wealthy and powerful, a country had to
acquire gold and silver
Growing only enough crops to feed a family is called
In 1619 the first shipment of _________ arrived in Virginia
The Southern colonies developed an economy based on
The charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony specified that the laws were to be made by the General Court, made up of
people who owned stock in the Massachusetts Bay Company.
Skilled workers, such as carpenters, glassmakers, and seamstresses, who knew how to manufacture various goods were known as
Europeans had different views than did American Indians, especially with regards to personal property and women. (TF)
The emphasis on logic and reasoning by the Enlightenment thinkers was known as
In what way did Puritans actually believe in equality?
they bleieved everyone should be able to read
On their quest for ________, Spaniards made the way easier for the English settlers to come because they brought _________ with them.
The first general assembly in Virginia was called the
House of Burgesses
The Mayflower Compact was significant because it
was the first written framework for government in the US
The cash crop that allowed (Jamestown) Virginia to become profitable was
On October 19, 1781, some 8,000 British soldiers at _________________________ laid down their weapons and surrendered.
This land-restricting decree by King George III was just one of several early triggers of the Revolution.
Proclamation of 1763
Although taxes had previously been imposed on trade, the first direct tax Britain placed on the colonies was the
Thomas Jefferson was a champion of the separation of church and state. He wrote the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. (TF)
The average colonists were very supportive of the Boston Tea Party, and thought the participants were in the right. (TF)
Thousands of enslaved African Americans obtained their freedom during the Revolution. Many planters freed enslaved people who agreed to fight the British, and General Washington let African Americans join the Continental Army. (TF)
On the night of December 25, 1776, George Washington led some 2,400 men across the icy Delaware River to attack a camp at _______________, New Jersey.
The treaty that ended the French and Indian War eliminated
French Power in North America
Emancipation and manumission are the same thing. The words can be used interchangeably because there are no differences between the two terms. (TF)
The First Continental _________________________ was convened in response to the arrival of British troops in Boston to enforce the Coercive Acts.
What was an early (repeated) pattern of the British Empire/Colonial Subject dysfunctional relationship leading up the the Boston Tea Party? Think.... And the Colonists start each chain reaction.
event-->tax-->boycott, etc.-->tax removal
The conflict between the British and the French that began in North America in 1754 is known in the U.S. as the
French and Indian War
As Americans' belief in equality increased after the Revolution, new state constitutions extended the right to vote to larger numbers of
Britain incurred large debts as a result of the French and Indian War, and the policies that the British government enacted to solve its financial problems won broad support in the colonies. (TF)
Which of the following acts of Parliament was/were enacted after the Boston Tea Party to punish colonists and end colonial challenges to British authority?
the Coercive Acts
To help customs officers in arresting smugglers, the British authorized the use of _____________, which were general search warrants that enabled officials to enter any location.
writs of assistance
The Colonial victory
was vital to persuading France to help their cause against the British.
After the Revolution, many Americans realized that their institution of ____________________ did not fit in with the new ideals of liberty and equality.
After the Boston Massacre, the British brought peace to the colonies temporarily by repealing the
After King George III rejected the Olive Branch Petition, the Continental Congress began to aggressively seek peace with Great Britain at any cost. (TF)
Americans with greater income saw Shays' Rebellion as a sign that
the republic was at risk, and a stronger central government was needed
The Constitution grants all legislative powers of the national government to
In the new Congress, James Madison made the passage of a bill of rights top priority because he hoped it would
build support for the new government.
Because the states did not all impose the same duties on foreign goods under the Articles of Confederation, British merchants could
bring inexpensive goods to the states with the lowest taxes.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the states worked together as a united nation, despite the weaknesses of the central government. (TF)
Shays' Rebellion, which many Americans saw as evidence of the Articles of Confederation Congress's weakness, began when
the government of Massachusetts raised taxes to pay off its debts.
The Great Compromise, under which representation in one house of Congress would be based on population and states would have equal representation in the other, was based on a proposal from
Roger Sherman of Connecticut.
The Federalist was a collection of 85 essays, or papers, written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and
Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress had executive, legislative, and judicial branches. (TF)
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention agreed that the new Congress would not be able to impose high taxes on the importation of enslaved persons. (TF)
The agreement at the Constitutional Convention that every five enslaved people in a state would count as three persons for determining representation and taxes was called the
The Tenth Amendment, included in the Bill of Rights, states that any powers not specifically given to the federal government are
reserved to the states or to the people
Under the Constitution, the president would have the power to propose legislation, appoint judges, put down rebellions, and
veto acts of congress
Although many influential leaders were Anti-Federalists, they were at a disadvantage in their campaign against ratification because
they offered no alternative to the Constitution.
During the campaign to ratify the Constitution, the Anti-Federalists were better organized than the Federalists and made a very convincing case in speeches, pamphlets, and debates in state conventions. (TF)
News of unrest in the states, and especially of Shays' Rebellion, convinced the Congress to
call a convention of the states to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Under the Constitution, the main role of the judicial branch would be to
hear cases arising under federal law and the Constitution.
In general, coastal merchants and artisans supported ratifying the Constitution because they believed that
a government able to tax imports would help their businesses.
The Virginia Plan proposed a two-house Congress that would benefit
large states with many people
Passed by the Congress under the Articles of Confederation, the Northwest Ordinance outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory. (TF)
What did the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the U.S.-Mexican War of 1846 have in common?
They all increased the territory of the United States.
What is the name given to the belief that the United States had the right and duty to expand across the North American continent?
Who was the President and leader of the Mexican Army during the battle between Texas?
Who led the Mormons to Utah after the church's founder, Joseph Smith, was killed by an angry mob?
How did the outcome of the Mexican-American War, which added new lands to America, increase sectional tensions throughout the 1850s?
Territorial expansion led to intense debates about the extension of slavery into the new areas.
Why did Mexico and Spain allow Anglos to settle in New Spain/Mexico?
They were having a hard time getting people to settle there
What did Sam Houston do that won the Texans the Battle of San Jacinto?
He knew that Santa Anna was not prepared and snuck up on the Mexican army. The battle only lasted about 30 min
Who were the Mormons?
name given to members of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints
A belief in manifest destiny, the Mexican - American War and the completion of the Transcontinental railroad are most closely associated with the
expansion and settlement of the West
In 1846, SOLDIERS broke out into a war between the United States and Mexico. What was the main cause of this war?
issues arising over the boundaries of Texas
What did California and Texas have in common?
Both were former Mexican territories.
Which group of people were persecuted, or badly treated, by their neighbors in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, and then decided to move to Utah?
All of the following were reasons settlers moved west EXCEPT
Which best explains why the U.S. did not admit Texas as a state immediately after the defeat of the Mexican army?
Congress could not agree on whether Texas should be a slave state or free state.
All of the following were ways that the Native Americans were affected by the westward expansion EXCEPT
They were given job opportunities
Texans fought for independence against what country?
a route used during the US migration westward
Which word means "to move to a new place"?
Why did Stephen F. Austin and the other 300 families run into problems with the Mexicans?
all of these
Which territory was annexed to the United States following ten years of being "The Lonestar republic"?
_________ move FROM a place; _______ move TO a place
The Transcontinental Railroad allowed people to move across the country in
Why did the U.S. and Mexico go to war?
all of these are correct
What President was the biggest supporter of Manifest Destiny?
james k. polk
What ended the Mexican-American war?
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Four candidates ran for president in 1824. Which statement about them is true?
All enjoyed the strong support of leaders from their own state and region.
The _______________ in the South is sometimes characterized as having been separate from the Market Revolution, but that's not really the case.
Which of these statements about transportation in the United States is true?
Railroads expanded trade into many regions and led to the settling of the West.
The two labor systems used to organize enslaved African Americans were the
task and gang systems
Most Southern farmers lived a life of gentility in grand mansions.
The protective tariff allowed machines to turn out large quantities of identical pieces that workers assembled into finished products.
The solution that emerged in the Missouri Compromise was to admit Missouri *
as a slave state and maine as a free state
Factories replaced home-based workshops during the
Missouri's territorial government requested admission into the Union as a slave state.
What general was sent into Florida in 1818, destroyed several Seminole villages, and disobeyed orders by seizing the Spanish settlements of St. Marks and Pensacola?
In the early 1800s, rivers were preferred to roads for transporting goods because travel was ______.
faster and cheaper
The 1850 census showed that the vast majority of the Southern white population of 6 million were slaveholders.
The presidential election of 1828 was a bitter campaign between John Quincy Adams and
The Monroe Doctrine was the American policy of
opposing the intervention of European powers in Latin American political affairs
In the election of 1824, supporters of Andrew Jackson accused John Quincy Adams of winning through a "corrupt bargain" in which Adams gave
Henry Clay a cabinet post
James Forten led an armed uprising that killed more than 50 white people before he was caught and hanged.
The rise of Southern industry kept pace with the spread of cotton plantations across the South. *
There is something really important to understand about the growth of American capitalism: _______________________
Which crop played the greatest role in the South's fortunes?
Even though industry expanded in the Northeast during the early 1800s, agriculture remained the country's leading economic activity.
How much did America pay for the Louisiana Territory?
Who had a strict interpretation of the Constitution?
The War of 1812 involved fighting between -
Britain and the U.S.
Which of the following was a core belief of the Democratic-Republican Party?
strong support for states' rights
In the conflict between Britain and France, the U.S. under George Washington chose to
Issue a Proclamation of Neutrality
What does impressment mean?
British soldiers took American men off the trade ships and made them imprisoned workers on their own ships.
In his Farewell Address, President Washington warned Americans
against making permanent alliances with other countries.
The British captured and burned which U.S. city?
The U.S. secured a key victory at the Battle of New Orleans. Who emerged as a hero after this battle?
Who wrote the Star Spangled Banner?
Francis Scott Key
The principles of judicial review were established in the case of __________.
Marbury v. Madison
Who elected the president during the Election of 1800?
House of Representatives
In exchange for Southern support for Hamilton's plan, the government promised to
move the nation's capital to the South.
Which group was mainly comprised (made up of) upper class, wealthy and educated people?
The "necessary and proper" clause in the Constitution created what kind of power?
Who won the War of 1812?
No one won. It was a stalemate.
The Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions were the first American political documents to argue for
Nullification and States Rights
Napoleon wanted to sell the Louisiana Territory for this reason.
He needed the money to pay for his war against Britain.
Who helped the Indians in their fight against settlers?
Where were the British attacking while "The Star-Spangled Banner" was written?
Who wanted a farming economy?
The treaty that ended the War of 1812 was the
Treaty of Ghent.
The belief that owning land enabled people to become independent
Madison's argument that Congress could not establish a national bank because it was not among the enumerated powers is an example of ________ of the Constitution.
What was the Embargo Act?
Closed American trade with Britain and France
Abolitionists were americans who wanted to end
what event was the event held to promote women's rights in 1848?
the seneca falls convention
I wrote a letter that supported abolition. My place of birth, gender, and social class gave credibility and weight to the cause and to my message
President Andrew Jackson's supporters favored national nominating conventions because they believed that the caucus system restricted nominations to
the elite and well connected.
Large numbers of Irish immigrants began leaving their homeland in 1845 because they were fleeing political turmoil
The _________ was a political organization founded by people who opposed immigrants and Catholics
which region of the country had a lot of manufacturing
which of the following would most likely be a Jackson supporter
a western farmer
The economic roles of men and women began to change in the early 1800s as a result of the
Which reformer worked for women's rights?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Who was instrumental in the reform movement of the treatment of the mentally ill?
What religious movement led to the other reform movements
The second great awakening
Led to the need for more slaves
This was the practice of giving government jobs to political backers
what happened as a result of Jackson's veto of the bank?
the panic of 1837
I published an abolitionist newspaper called "The Liberater". I wanted freedom and equality for all African Americans
William Lloyd Garrison
What is suffrage
the right to vote
What law did jackson pass that resulted in the trail of tears?
indian removal act
In the early 1800s, many reformers argued that no behavior caused more crime, disorder, and poverty than the abuse of alcohol
Why did the election of 1828 include many first-time voters?
new states gave voting rights to all white men
IN the 1800s the arrival of Irish and German immigrants-immigrants who were predominantly Catholic- stirred feelings of nativism among many americans
Temperance was the movement to stop the use of __________________ during the mid-1800s
How did jackson "destroy" the national bank?
he started depositing funds from tariffs and taxes into state banks instead
why did south carolina threaten to secede from the union the first time?
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