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13 terms

Eukaryotic Organelles and Protein Synthesis

STUDY
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nucleus
holds DNA
lysosome
breaks down large molecules and damaged organelles
ER
holds ribosomes
ribosome
makes proteins
vacuole
holds substances like food and water
vesicle
carries molecules like proteins around a cell, from one organelle to another
Golgi apparatus
prepares proteins for being sent out of the cell
cell membrane
controls what goes in and out of the cell
mitochondria
release energy from sugar in the process of respiration
eukaryotic
a cell which has a nucleus enclosing the DNA
gene
a region on DNA that has the directions for making a specific protein or polypeptide chain
RNA
a nucleic acid that consists of a single strand; generally holds a copy of a single gene
polypeptide chain
a simple chain of amino acids