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The avoidance of tonal centers and tonal relationships in music.


Music that was on the forefront of musical developments of new and unconventional musical styles.


A melody that moves mostly stepwise.


A melody that moves with wide intervals/skips.


Musical Instrument Digital Interface-is a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers or other synthesizers.


A style of composition whose creator attempts to achieve the greatest effect from the least amount of material.


A style of modern composition that is based on established forms and structures of the past.


A style of music, exemplified in the works of Debussy, that emphasizes suggestion and atmosphere, evokes moods, and conveys impressions of images and feelings.


A melodic pattern repeated several times either a step lower or a step higher than the preceding statement.


Music created as an alternative to the major minor tonal system.

Serial composition

A set of non-repeated pitches-a tone row-used as the basis for organizing a composition.

Tone cluster

Three or more adjacent tones sounding simultaneously.

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