12 terms

Chapter 13, 20th Century

STUDY
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Atonality
The avoidance of tonal centers and tonal relationships in music.
Avant-garde
Music that was on the forefront of musical developments of new and unconventional musical styles.
Conjunct
A melody that moves mostly stepwise.
Disjunct
A melody that moves with wide intervals/skips.
Midi
Musical Instrument Digital Interface-is a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers or other synthesizers.
Minimalism
A style of composition whose creator attempts to achieve the greatest effect from the least amount of material.
Neoclassical
A style of modern composition that is based on established forms and structures of the past.
Impressionism
A style of music, exemplified in the works of Debussy, that emphasizes suggestion and atmosphere, evokes moods, and conveys impressions of images and feelings.
Sequences
A melodic pattern repeated several times either a step lower or a step higher than the preceding statement.
Serialism
Music created as an alternative to the major minor tonal system.
Serial composition
A set of non-repeated pitches-a tone row-used as the basis for organizing a composition.
Tone cluster
Three or more adjacent tones sounding simultaneously.