In rare cases, a bacterial DNA fragment is inserted into a capsid instead of, or along with, the phage DNA. When such a virion infects another bacterium, the bacterial DNA is injected into the new host cell, a mechanism of gene transfer called __________.
What is the effect of this?
2) The viral infection does not produce new viruses. Instead, the incoming DNA fragment can recombine with the host chromosome, replacing host genes with genes from the virus's former host.