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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. thalamus
  2. aphasia
  3. sensory cortex
  4. cerebral cortex
  5. medulla
  1. a impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
  2. b the area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
  3. c the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center
  4. d the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
  5. e the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the visible folds of the cerebral cortex
  2. railroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior; case played a role in the development of the understanding of the localization of brain function
  3. area of the parietal lobes that transforms visual representations into an auditory code
  4. the portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position
  5. a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain

5 True/False questions

  1. temporal lobesthe portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgements, as well as personality


  2. glial cellscells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons ("neural nannies")


  3. cerebellumthe "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance


  4. association areascontrols language expression-an area of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech


  5. plasticitytissue destruction