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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. fissures
  2. thalamus
  3. brainstem
  4. aphasia
  5. cerebellum
  1. a impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
  2. b the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
  3. c the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions
  4. d the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
  5. e the visible folds of the cerebral cortex

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. neural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives
  2. tissue destruction
  3. the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center
  4. the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
  5. the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them

5 True/False questions

  1. glial cellsthe visible folds of the cerebral cortex

          

  2. plasticitytissue destruction

          

  3. Phineas Gagerailroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior; case played a role in the development of the understanding of the localization of brain function

          

  4. hippocampusthe brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla

          

  5. sensory cortexan area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements

          

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