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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. occipital lobes
  2. angular gyrus
  3. glial cells
  4. motor cortex
  5. limbic system
  1. a cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons ("neural nannies")
  2. b the portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes the visual areas, which receive visual information from the opposite visual field
  3. c neural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives
  4. d area of the parietal lobes that transforms visual representations into an auditory code
  5. e an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
  2. railroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior; case played a role in the development of the understanding of the localization of brain function
  3. an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface
  4. the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions
  5. the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

5 True/False questions

  1. Michael Gazzaniga and Roger Sperryareas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking


  2. hemispheric lateralizationa nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal (alertness)


  3. medullathe base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing


  4. MRIa technique for revealing blood flow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. MRI scans show brain anatomy; fMRI scans show brain function.


  5. temporal lobesthe portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position


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