Terms in this set (120)
Memory is the residue of thought.
What is the shannon weaver model?
ETVRD, three environments, T/S, n
Encoder: aims to persuade
Decoder: so what who cares
What does the Shannon weaver model have to agree on?
What are the six axioms?
We can only be here or there. It's all good, until it's not. It's all true, unless it isn't. Is it true? If it is, can I use it? If I can use it, should I?
What are the four stages of learning?
Unconscious incompetence, conscious incompetence, conscious competence, unconscious competence
Message to Garcia
No excuses, just do it
This is Before
Are you any good at your game?
What are you going to do with your one and precious life?
What is SWOT Analysis?
Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats
_________ time will always overtake ________ time if you care about your product
What is a choke?
When you do not perform to the level you normally do.
How do you deal with choking?
Get used to the situation, reinterpret physical reactions, get your worries on paper
"The cure for _________ is curiosity." What is the cure for curiosity?
Boredom, there is no cure for curiosity.
10 Secrets to Success
How you think is everything, decide upon your dreams and goals, take action, never stop learning, be persistent and work hard, learn to analyze details, focus your time and money, don't be afraid to innovate, deal and communicate with people effectively, be honest and dependable.
Six stages of moral development
I am God. Good god, there are other gods! The crowd wins. The law is the law. It's the right thing to do. There's a higher good.
Novels vs. short stories vs. poems
Evolution vs. revelation vs. instant of change
What are the five w's and what do they represent?
Who - character
Where/when - setting
How - action
Read over things fall apart notes
What is irony?
Everything you do to get away from or achieve something gets you the opposite of what you want
What is dénouement?
The ending of a Greek tragedy. The unraveling.
A profound instant that makes you change your behavior because it's so shocking
Why is Kohlberg relevant to literature?
It deals with the conflict that literature deals with. E are the only ones that ask "why"
A recurring pattern that reinforces theme
Why does dramatic literature get rid of that narrative literature needs?
What is ethos?
Appeal from character to the speaker
What is pathos?
Appeal to the emotions of the audience
What is logos?
Appeal based on rational argument
What is kairos?
A propitious moment for decision or action
What is hubris?
Excessive pride or self-confidence
What is tragedy?
display of human suffering and a moment of catharsis for the audience
Art is a lie that tells the truth.
Knowledge is the opposite of fear.m
A hill is just another chance to climb (ok)
Conflict is at the heart of all art.
Life is everything. Art is not.
People act on _____ then justify with ______
Invention - explores all possible avenues, keeping the interest of the audience in mind
Arrangements - six main parts of a speech
Style - makes your audience want to listen
Memory - memorizing your speech
Delivery - it should inspire people to act, not just agree with your subject
Purpose of Controlling purpose
All sentences before it lead to it, all sentences after flow from it.
Eight types of openers
Straightforward, set scene, data, compare/contrast, cause/effect, rhetorical question, Withhold key information, quote
Formula for sentence length
K/1 or 1/A
Four types of sentence lengths
Impact (less than 5), focus (6-15), copy (15-20+), pro (25+)
_Q + _Q > _Q - Thomas Friedman
C, P, I
Gunning fog formula
.4(average sentence length + percent hard words)
What does the gunning fog index measure?
Grade level the piece is written at
What is a naked sentence?
Subject and verb
What are the three types of connectors?
Punctuation, conjunctions, prepositions
What do coordinate conjunctions do and examples.
They make words equal. FANBOYS
What do subordinate and prepositions do?
Make words unequal. After, although, because, before, how,Above, about, around, below, on
Three rules for breaking the rules
Know the rule. Break it with a purpose. It has to work.
10 ways to improve college essays
ABBA DABBA no - Density yes
don't drop your reader off a cliff
read your essay out loud for sound and content
use active voice
Spelling, sentence length, punctuation, and grammar all matter, Who's your audience?
What can you assume? What should you assume?
What is your point? 10 words or less
So what who cares
Get me to church on time. Meet all deadlines
Compare and contrast models
A1 B1 A2 B2
A1 B1 B2 A2
A1 A2 B1 B2
Cause and effect models
Start with causes then effects or vice versa
What are to be verbs?
"We know that we know"'is stage _ of learning.
The first two stages of moral development center on ____ ____
The _________'s aim is to evolve character change through conflict.
What is a function of sentence length?
Support the writer's controlling purpose
How can we go from good to great?
Novelists are more interested in _____ ______ than short story writers.
Why do Randy and the citizens turn to face the 1000 year night?
The nuclear war will cause civilization to be on stand still.
Randy says that the survivors must become as tough as _____ and _____
What authority does Randy Bragg cite for the brand of Justice that the highway men get?
The POTUS calls for martial law.
an implied comparison between two essentially unlike things, used to highlight imagery or meaning
placement of two things next to each other for emphasis - and often for irony
the use of opposing ideas to reinforce an idea or to produce an effect
the use of similar patterns in similar sentence structure used for emphasis and comprehension
Define rhetorical question
a question asked to make a point rather than elicit an answer
repetition is repeating a word or phrase for emphasis, effect, or clarity
a comparison of two things that are somehow alike for the purpose of clarifying the lesser known of the two subjects
word choices used to create voice and tone in order to reflect the authors attitude toward the subject
the portrayal of people, policies, and institutions, using ridicule, often with humor, to reveal political and social follies
the use of concrete items to represent abstract ideas
the deliberate arrangement of words and phrases to form a sentence that reinforces mood
attributing human characteristics to inanimate objects, natural forces, animals, or ideas
the focal statement of an essay revealing the purpose of argument of the text
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words or stressed syllables to add emphasis, create mood, or reinforce meaning
created by using language that reflects the speaker's attitude towards the work's subject or theme
a reference to something well known in history or literature that promotes connection to familiarity
imagery is language composed to evoke the five senses, guiding the audience to a more intimate understanding of the meaning
exaggerated description used for emphasis. Its overstatements are often humorous
In a simple sentence, how many naked sentences maximum:
In a compound sentence, how many naked sentences maximum:
Almost all prepositional phrases and almost all dependent clauses act like what?
Adjectives or adverbs
A ______ is closer to a naked sentence than a _____ because a _____ always contains both a subject and predicate.
Clause, phrase, clause
A modern sentence is better defined as a group of words expressing a complete thought in between a capital letter and a period than as a group of words with a subject and predicate expressing a complete thought. True or false?
Both novels and poems explore what it is to be _____
At the heart of all art is ____ . This is true because humans are the only creatures that ask _____
Poetry is interested in the ______ ________ of recognition about what it is to be human.
In order to go from good to great, we must be comfortable with ______
What is the function of a lead?
Density is achieved by ______ _______
Where does the truth in fiction lie?
Action and theme
Theme of all things fall apart
All people are alike
Theme of lather and nothing else by Hernando Tellez
Take time to weigh pros and cons of a decision
What are the first and last fights that occur in champion according to ring Lardner?
Midge and his brother. Midge's title fight.
What stage of M.D. do Nick Adams (the killers) and the barber (lather) operate at?
It's the right thing to do.
A clause is closer to a ______
The controlling purpose is closer to : A. Action B. Theme
Novels are interested in A. Plot development B. Character development
A dependent clause acts more like a A. Modifier B. Naked sentence
Naked sentences are closest to which sentence length?
Adverb clauses and adverb phrases deal with A. Why and how B. Who and what
What's the difference between the first time and the last time Oedipus left Thebes?
The first time he was sent away by his parents because Jocasta was scared of a prophecy. The last time, Oedipus leaves because of his own prophecy.
When someone asks about an issue and the other person doesn't want to discuss it, so they change the subject
A punching bag
Motif of Hamlet
Questions are asked but not answered
To be or not to be?
Let it be
Who dies at the end of Hamlet?
Hamlet, Laertes, Cladius, and Gertrude
What is the relationship among comedy, tragedy, and denouement?
Double plays in Hamlet
Repetition of phrases at the beginning of a sentence
The use of a series of three words or phrases for emphasis or clarity
50 words to woo ur lover
Rule of Three
Opening remarks three themes with prepositions, three conclusions
Desposito and elutio equal actio
Arrangement and style equals delivery