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circulatory crisis marked by low blood pressure and inadequate peripheral blood flow


artificial device to give electrical conduction to atria

mitral valve prolapse

leaking valve; left atrium

mitral stenosis

narrowing of the bicuspid, increases resistance of blood flow


low blood pressure, less than 90/60 mm Hg


high blood pressure, pre-hypertension 120/80


bleeding from a blood vessel

heart murmur

a swishing sound heard due to faulty valves


tissue decay due to lack of blood supply; may lead to death of tissue (necrosis)


local tissue damage caused by extreme cold



embolism, pulmonary

a blood clot that is moving in blood vessel to the lungs


recording of electrical activity of the heart

congestive heart failure

left heart failure; inability of the left ventricle to pump effectively resulting in congestion of circulation


disease of the myocardium

angina pectoris

severe chest pain


procedure in which occluded vessel is opened

varicose veins

enlarged vein in which blood pools


abnormally low platelet count

sickle cell anemia

sever, possibly fatal, hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin

rheumatic fever

inflammatory condition developing after bacterial infection; may cause valve problems; may cause heart and/or kidney problems


vein inflammation often with blood clots


inflammation of the sac around the heart


inflammation of the heart muscle

myocardial infarction

heart attack


contagious viral infection of blood that causes irregularly shaped RBCs; virus spread through saliva

hodgkin's disease

cancer, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver. 90% survival rate


any group of X-linked inherited blood clotting disorders; lack Factor XIII, needed in the blood clotting process

erythroblastosis fetalis

disease of the Rh factor in a second or later Rh+ child born to a Rh- mother


inflammation of the lining of the heart

chronic leukemia

overgrowth of leukocytes in bone marrow


build up of lipids in blood vessels; may lead to arteriosclerosis. may lead to ischemia - reduced blood supply to tissue


thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity in blood vessels


abnormal bulge in wall of blood vessel


deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin. caused by excessive destruction of RBCs, blood loss, inadequate production of RBCs, inherited disorders

Acute leukemia

cancer of WBC, abnormal production, accumulate in marrow, drop in RBC, WBC and platelets; usually fatal in less than one year

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