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Acute leukemia

cancer of WBC, abnormal production, accumulate in marrow, drop in RBC, WBC and platelets; usually fatal in less than one year


deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin. caused by excessive destruction of RBCs, blood loss, inadequate production of RBCs, inherited disorders


abnormal bulge in wall of blood vessel

angina pectoris

severe chest pain


procedure in which occluded vessel is opened


thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity in blood vessels


build up of lipids in blood vessels; may lead to arteriosclerosis. may lead to ischemia - reduced blood supply to tissue


disease of the myocardium

chronic leukemia

overgrowth of leukocytes in bone marrow

congestive heart failure

left heart failure; inability of the left ventricle to pump effectively resulting in congestion of circulation




recording of electrical activity of the heart

embolism, pulmonary

a blood clot that is moving in blood vessel to the lungs


inflammation of the lining of the heart

erythroblastosis fetalis

disease of the Rh factor in a second or later Rh+ child born to a Rh- mother


local tissue damage caused by extreme cold


tissue decay due to lack of blood supply; may lead to death of tissue (necrosis)

heart murmur

a swishing sound heard due to faulty valves


any group of X-linked inherited blood clotting disorders; lack Factor XIII, needed in the blood clotting process


bleeding from a blood vessel

hodgkin's disease

cancer, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver. 90% survival rate


high blood pressure, pre-hypertension 120/80


low blood pressure, less than 90/60 mm Hg

mitral stenosis

narrowing of the bicuspid, increases resistance of blood flow

mitral valve prolapse

leaking valve; left atrium


contagious viral infection of blood that causes irregularly shaped RBCs; virus spread through saliva

myocardial infarction

heart attack


inflammation of the heart muscle


artificial device to give electrical conduction to atria


inflammation of the sac around the heart


vein inflammation often with blood clots

rheumatic fever

inflammatory condition developing after bacterial infection; may cause valve problems; may cause heart and/or kidney problems


circulatory crisis marked by low blood pressure and inadequate peripheral blood flow

sickle cell anemia

sever, possibly fatal, hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin


abnormally low platelet count

varicose veins

enlarged vein in which blood pools

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