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36 terms

Cardiovascular diseases

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Shock
circulatory crisis marked by low blood pressure and inadequate peripheral blood flow
pacemaker
artificial device to give electrical conduction to atria
mitral valve prolapse
leaking valve; left atrium
mitral stenosis
narrowing of the bicuspid, increases resistance of blood flow
hypotension
low blood pressure, less than 90/60 mm Hg
hypertension
high blood pressure, pre-hypertension 120/80
hemorrhage
bleeding from a blood vessel
heart murmur
a swishing sound heard due to faulty valves
gangrene
tissue decay due to lack of blood supply; may lead to death of tissue (necrosis)
frostbite
local tissue damage caused by extreme cold
edema
swelling
embolism, pulmonary
a blood clot that is moving in blood vessel to the lungs
electrocardiogram
recording of electrical activity of the heart
congestive heart failure
left heart failure; inability of the left ventricle to pump effectively resulting in congestion of circulation
cardiomyopathy
disease of the myocardium
angina pectoris
severe chest pain
angioplasty
procedure in which occluded vessel is opened
varicose veins
enlarged vein in which blood pools
thrombocytopenia
abnormally low platelet count
sickle cell anemia
sever, possibly fatal, hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin
rheumatic fever
inflammatory condition developing after bacterial infection; may cause valve problems; may cause heart and/or kidney problems
phlebitis
vein inflammation often with blood clots
pericarditis
inflammation of the sac around the heart
myocarditis
inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardial infarction
heart attack
mononucleosis
contagious viral infection of blood that causes irregularly shaped RBCs; virus spread through saliva
hodgkin's disease
cancer, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver. 90% survival rate
hemophilia
any group of X-linked inherited blood clotting disorders; lack Factor XIII, needed in the blood clotting process
erythroblastosis fetalis
disease of the Rh factor in a second or later Rh+ child born to a Rh- mother
endocarditis
inflammation of the lining of the heart
chronic leukemia
overgrowth of leukocytes in bone marrow
atherosclerosis
build up of lipids in blood vessels; may lead to arteriosclerosis. may lead to ischemia - reduced blood supply to tissue
arteriosclerosis
thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity in blood vessels
aneurysm
abnormal bulge in wall of blood vessel
anemia
deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin. caused by excessive destruction of RBCs, blood loss, inadequate production of RBCs, inherited disorders
Acute leukemia
cancer of WBC, abnormal production, accumulate in marrow, drop in RBC, WBC and platelets; usually fatal in less than one year