Blair-Broker, Thinking About Psychology, 3e, Module 11
Terms in this set (30)
A fertilized egg.
The biochemical units of heredity that make up chromosomes.
A developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the end of the eighth week.
A developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.
Substances that cross the placental barrier and prevent the fetus from developing normally.
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
Physical and cognitive abnormalities that appear in children whose mothers consumed large amounts of alcohol while pregnant.
A baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for the nipple.
A person's characteristic emotional excitability.
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior.
A subfield of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
Jean Piaget [pee-ah-ZHAY] (1896-1980)
Pioneer in the study of developmental psychology who introduced a stage theory of cognitive development that led to a better understanding of children's thought processes.
All mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, and remembering.
Concepts or mental frameworks that organize and interpret information.
Interpreting new experience in terms of existing schemas.
Adapting current schemas to incorporate new information.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants learn about the world through their sensory impressions and motor activities.
The awareness that things continue to exist even when you cannot see or hear them.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but cannot yet think logically.
The principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects.
In Piaget's theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another person's point of view or to understand that symbols can represent other objects.
concrete operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (from about 6 or 7 to 11 years of age) during which children gain the mental skills that let them think logically about concrete events.
formal operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (beginning about age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts and form strategies about things they may not have experienced.
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age.
The emotional tie with another person shown by seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation.
The optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain experiences produces proper development.
Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989)
Researcher who focused on critical attachment periods in baby birds, a concept he called imprinting.
The process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period early in life.
A style of parenting marked by imposing rules and expecting obedience.
A style of parenting marked by submitting to children's desires, making few demands, and using little punishment.
A style of parenting marked by making demands on the child, being responsive, setting and enforcing rules, and discussing the reasons behind the rules.
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