Blair-Broker, Thinking About Psychology, 3e, Module 29
Terms in this set (17)
Aspects of personality that are relatively consistent.
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
A perspective stating that understanding personality involves considering how people are affected by a particular situation, by what they have learned, by how they think, and by how they interact socially.
Gordon Allport (1897-1967)
American psychologist and trait theorist who researched the idea that individual personalities are unique.
Raymond Cattell [kuh-TELL] (1905-1998)
English psychologist who researched whether some traits predicted others; he proposed 16 key personality dimensions or factors to describe personality.
Hans Eysenck [EYE-zink] (1916-1997)
German psychologist who researched the genetically influenced dimensions of personality, including extraversion and introversion.
Questionnaires (often with true-false or agree-disagree items) on which people respond to items designed to gauge a range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits.
The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to test.
The extent to which a test yields consistent results, regardless of who gives the test or when or where it is given.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests; originally developed to identify emotional disorders (still considered its most appropriate use), this test is now used for many other screening purposes.
Albert Bandura (1925-)
Psychologist who developed the social-cognitive perspective and believed that to understand personality one must consider the situation and the person's thoughts before, during, and after an event.
The mutual influences between personality and environmental factors.
external locus of control
The perception that chance, or forces beyond your control, determines your fate.
internal locus of control
The perception that you control your own fate.
The hopeless feeling when an animal or human can't avoid repeated bad events.
Martin Seligman (1942-)
American psychologist who researched helplessness early in his career before turning his interest to optimism; he has been the primary proponent of positive psychology.
A movement in psychology that focuses on the study of optimal human functioning and the factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive.
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