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Medieval African States
Terms in this set (22)
Bantu language with Arabic loanwords spoken in coastal regions of East Africa.
Region along east coast of Africa, part of Indian Ocean trade route. Influenced by Islam and the Arab and Persian merchants who traded with them.
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 C.E.
The largest of the three main sections of the Shona settlement of Great Zimbabwe - likely a royal residence
City-state on the east coast of Africa that exported gold across the Indian Ocean.
The kingdom in West Africa that followed the Kingdom of Ghana; its wealth is also based on trans-Saharan trade; this kingdom encouraged the spread of Islam.
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries C.E. Also the modern West African country once known as the Gold Coast. gold and salt trade.
A Christian kingdom that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalaibela; retained Christianity in the face of Muslim expansion elsewhere in Africa
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
Leader credited with seizing Ghana and starting the kingdom of Mali; known as the "Lion Prince"
Trading Commodities of West Africa
Gold and Salt
Trading Cities in West Africa
Timbuktu, Gao, Jenne
A West African storyteller
A West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
Ruler of the Songhai empire from 1493 to 1528 who expanded the empire and organized its government.
Great Mosque of Djenne
Is the largest mud-built structure in the world; physical embodiment of Mali/Africa's engagement with the global interchange of cultures - mud architecture is distinctively African but is being used to build an Islamic structure which is not necessarily African
a coastal city of East Africa that was an important trade center
A Muslim port city in East Africa founded between the eighth and tenth centuries; today it is the capital of Somalia.
an island in Tanzania; once a major trading center
A Somali empire in the medieval times that dominated the Indian Ocean trade from the Horn of Africa.
A major African language family. Collective name of a large group of sub-Saharan African languages and of the peoples speaking these languages. Famous for migrations throughout central and southern Africa.
kingdom located northeast of Lake Chad that controlled trade to the Mediterranean that relied on salt trade
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