AP Human Geography Unit 4
Just homework. You can use it if you like. I don't mind.
Terms in this set (65)
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Binational or Multinational State
State that contains more than one nation (usually no one single dominant ethnic group)
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
a force that divides people and countries
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
the boundaries between states are set by ethical differences, especially those based on language and/or religion. Also called Cultural Boundaries.
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A model of the spatial structure of development in which underdeveloped countries are defined by their dependence on a developed core region.
an invisible boundary made by the certain cultural beliefs and traits that make the culture
the spread of representative government to more countries and the process of making governments more representative
Conflict over location, usually associated with physical boundaries.
A disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession or control of land
disagreements over the control or use of shared resources, such as boundary rivers or jointly claimed fishing grounds
disagreements between neighboring states over policies to be applied to their common border; often induced by differing customs regulations, movement of nomadic groups, or illegal immigration or emigration.
The study of the geographical elements of the organization and results of elections.
A state with a long narrow shape
A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
A part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
where an ethnic group shares a well-developed sense of belonging to the same culture
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
government systems that divide the powers between the national government and state or provincial governments
Adherence to or embracing of regional and even local political authority, economic development, social and cultural associations, ethnic or national divisions.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
An interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed
Hypothesis that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Allows separate systems to communicate directly with each other.
boundaries that divide the interiors of a country into sections
state surrounded by other land with no direct outlet to the sea
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
The state's recreation of a market in which property, labor, goods, and services can all function in a competitive environment to determine their value.
lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected
area in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities. used to sway electoral votes
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A country who's population share a common identity.
a state that completely surrounds another
boundary defined by a physical land mark like a river or a lake
father of modern political geography, he created the Organic Theory
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
Five permanent members( US, UK, France, China, USSR) with veto power in the UN. Promised to carry out UN decisions with their own forces.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
A nationality that is not represented by a state.
A politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community.
Organization of three or more states to promote shared objectives.
In political geography, a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly defended.
A state in which most political power exists at the national level, with limited local authority.
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include stages of youth, maturity, and old age.
World Systems Theory
Theory developed by Immanuel Wallerstein that explains the emergence of a core, periphery, and semi periphery in terms of economic and political connections first established at the beginning of exploration in the late 15th century and maintained through increased economic access up until the present.
Sea Power Theory
Mahan; late 1800s; argued that control of the sea lanes would lead to national strength.
A boundary created by building a physical structure
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
The belief that money equals power, sell more than buy, more export than import
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.
Derivatives of the federal system. Designated portions of a country