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3) magnesium-magnesium deficiency, malnutrition
how do they work
-weak bases that neutralize HCl acid
-raise pH which inactivates pepsin
-increase LES tone decreasing reflux
-do NOT coat stomach lining
goal of tx
1) sx relief
2) lifestyle modification needed
-raise head of bed
-diet (increase fiber)
AA w/ highest acid-neutralizing capacity (ex.)
1) sodium bicarbonate (ex. alka-seltzer)
2) calcium bicarbonate (tums & rolaids)
risk for what if use Ca carbonate or sodium bicarbonate AA chronically (can lead to)
2) increase Ca
3) renal impairment
1) balanced meals at regular intervals
2) avoid foods that exacerbate sx
3) high fiber diet
4) avoid caffeine & alcohol
5) stop smoking
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