90 terms

Athletic Training Exam

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bruise
contusion
generalized swelling
edema
what an ATC might think is wrong
assessment
discoloration
ecchymosis
how the injury occurred
mechanism
degree of looseness in the ligaments of a joint
laxity
swelling within the joint cavity
effusion
method of treating injuries
modalities
deep heating that uses high-frequency sound waves
ultrasound
electrical impulses to reduce pain
TENS unit
joint that allows flexion and extension
hinge joint
study of movement
kinesiology
joint in which a rounded end of one bone fits into an indented end of another
ball and socket
pulse in the neck region
carotid
potentially fatal physiological reaction brought on by various conditions
shock
attaches muscle to bone
tendon
injury to a ligament
sprain
calcification that forms within the muscle belly
myositis ossificans
displacement of any bone from its normal position
dislocation
attaches bone to bone
ligament
injury to a muscle or tendon
strain
small, incomplete break in the bone; result from overuse or weakness
stress fracture
complete break in bone where the ends separate and break through the skin
compound
process of putting broken or dislocated bones back into proper alignment
reduction
largest tarsal bone
calcaneus
distal end of fibula
lateral malleolus
highest of the arches
medial longitudinal
ligamentous tissue that extends from the calcaneus to the metatarsals
plantar fascia
joint consisting of the tibia fibula and talus
talocrural
most commonly sprained ankle ligament
anterior talofibular
means great toe
Hallucis
largest tendon in the body
Achilles
group of muscles that prevent an inversion ankle sprain
peroneals
resistive bands used during rehab
theraband
sprain to the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint
Turf toe
syndrome on the anterior or medial portion of the low leg
medial tibial stress syndrome
test for the integrity of the deltoid ligament
eversion stress
test for the integrity of the Achilles tendon
thompson test
test for the integrity of the anterior talofibular ligament
anterior drawer test
largest sesamoid bone
patella
strongest bone in the body
femur
group of ligaments that restrict anterior to posterior movement
cruciates
ligament that connects the tibia and the femur
medial collateral
cartilage between the femoral condyle and lateral tibial plate
lateral meniscus
pain on the tibial tuberosity
Osgood-Schlatters
noise or sensation felt within a joint
crepitus
best exercise for the strengthening of the VMO
Quad set
natural knee brace
Hamstrings
most important individual muscle to rehab
Vastus Medialis
most accurate test for an ACL tear
Lachmans
test for the integrity of the MCL tear
Valgus stress
portion of the pelvis that you actually sit on
Ischial tuberosity
upper ridge of the illium
iliac crest
AKA iliac crest contusion
hip pointer
joint that controls the fingertip
distal interphalangeal
AKA funny bone
ulnar nerve
injury to the MCP joint of the thumb
game keeper
fracture test of the radius and or ulna
squeeze
chronic strain of the medial epicondyle in the elbow
little league elbow
test for the integrity of the radial collateral ligament
varus
most common carpal fractured
scaphoid
fracture to the 4th and 5th metacarpal bone
boxer's
avulsion tear in the extensor tendon at the DIP joint
mallet
test for the integrity of the supraspinatus
empty can
test for the integrity of the acromioclavicular joint
sulcus sign
most commonly sprained ligament in the shoulder
Acromioclavicular
what joint is considered a medical emergency when dislocated
Sternoclavicular
test for anterior instability of the shoulder
apprehension
injury to the spleen
Kehr's sign
group of nerves that supply the whole arm
brachial plexus
deformity of biceps tendon rupture
popeye
airway obstruction caused by an inflammatory reaction to a stimulus
asthma
AKA C2
axis
most serious cervical injuries occur with this mechanism
axial loading
hemorrhage between the surface of the brain and the dura meter
subdural hematoma
period opposition score confusion LOC time date or place questions
cognitive
injury where brain rebounds off other side of skull after an initial impact
contrecoup
head injury characterized by: LOC amnesia seizure or change in mental state
concussion
loss of events that occur immediately after the injury
antegrade amnesia
rapid swelling and herniation of the brain after a second head injury occurs
secondary impact
nosebleed
epistaxis
disease in which the body doesn't produce enough insulin
diabetes
condition in which there is too much sugar and too little insulin the the blood
diabetic coma
state of balance within the body
homeostasis
AKA type 2 diabetes
adult onset diabetes
condition of near total body collapse
heat exhaustion
life-threatening form of heat illness
heat stroke
medical standard used to define obesity
body mass index
psychophysiological eating disorder
anorexia nervosa
disorder characterized by self-induced vomiting and binge eating
bulimia