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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (50)
According to the Constitution, which branch of government is responsible for readmitting states that have seceded from the Union?
The Constitution does not address this question.
Which of the following describes Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, which he announced in December 1863?
It specified that a state could return to the Union when 10 percent of its voters took an oath of loyalty to the Union.
How was the Wade-Davis Bill of 1864 different from Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan?
It stipulated that new southern governments could be formed only by those who had not fought against the North in the Civil War.
How did Abraham Lincoln respond to the Wade Davis Bill in 1864?
He did not sign it and he opened talks with key congressional representatives to find a compromise solution.
5. Southern whites responded to the end of slavery by enacting
Under President Johnson's restoration plan, high-ranking Confederate leaders and wealthy southerners
could request and expect to receive presidential pardons that exempted them from punishment.
Which of the following statements describes the Freedmen's Bureau, which originated in 1865?
Created by Congress, it helped ex-slaves adjust to freedom and secure their basic civil rights.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866
asserted that all former slaves would receive equal protection under the law.
Why did President Johnson veto the Freedmen's Bureau law and Civil Rights Act in 1866?
These two pieces of legislation posed too great a challenge to his deeply racist views.
Which of these events spurred Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act in April 1866?
The eruption of antiblack violence in various parts of the South
Which of the following scenarios took place in the federal government immediately after Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in April 1866?
Republicans introduced an amendment declaring that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" were citizens.
12. Which of the following statements describes Radical Reconstruction?
It aimed to reform the South and increase federal power.
Which of the following was the final outcome of the congressional campaigns and elections of 1866?
Johnson suffered a humiliating defeat as Republicans gained a three-to-one margin in Congress.
Which of the following pairs identified with the Radical Republicans?
Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens
Which of the following was the official reason Congress cited for impeaching Andrew Johnson?
He infringed on the powers of Congress.
Which of the following statements characterizes the congressional impeachment of Andrew Johnson?
Radical Republicans failed to remove Johnson from office, but they damaged his power and authority.
What was the outcome of the 1868 election?
Republicans won the presidency and retained their two-thirds majority in both houses.
Ratified in 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment
forbade states from denying any citizen the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition as a slave.
Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?
Civil Rights Act of 1866—allowed formerly enslaved people full access to the courts
Through which of the following practices did southerners avoid giving former slaves the right to vote?
Collecting pole taxes
Why was it necessary to add the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution following the Civil War?
The Constitution had condoned slavery and allowed states to set voting requirements.
Which of these reforms originated with the Grant administration?
Securing the right to vote for all male U.S. citizens regardless of race
Which of the following was Elizabeth Cady Stanton's response to the denial of women's suffrage while freedmen and immigrant men were being enfranchised?
She made a racist attack on the uneducated black men who could vote while educated white women could not.
Granting suffrage to African American males caused
a split in the women's movement.
Which of the following statements characterizes the women's suffrage movement after the Civil War?
Most suffragists agreed that they should concentrate on securing voting rights for African American men as a means to press for the same rights for all women.
Expecting freedom from slavery near the end of the Civil War, most African Americans were eager to
vote and secure land for economic independence.
Which of the following statements describes the resettlement of former slaves in the South?
Under Johnson's amnesty plan, ex-Confederates were allowed to recover their land, and freedmen were forced to work for them or leave.
Why were many congressional leaders unwilling to consider breaking up plantations and distributing plots for independent farms to freed slaves?
They hoped to restore cotton cultivation and the export of American cotton.
Which of these statements describes the status of African American women in the Reconstruction-era South?
Freedwomen valued their new right to marry legally and their opportunity to create a stable family life.
Many African American sharecroppers became trapped in a vicious cycle of debt after the Civil War mainly because
they could not pay the high prices and interest that whites charged as the price of cotton declined in the 1870s.
Which statement describes the sharecropping system that emerged to replace slavery in the South after the Civil War?
Most sharecroppers believed it was preferable to a wage labor system.
Which of the following groups composed the largest percentage of registered voters in Alabama and Mississippi in the late 1860s?
Some southerners used the term scalawags to describe
*Freedmen's Bureau officials and teachers. IM PRETTY SURE THIS IS WRONG BUT I DONT HAVE MY BOOK
During Reconstruction, why was southern Democrats' dismissal of black politicians as ignorant field hands misguided?
Many had been free artisans or tradesmen.
Those who participated in the creation and implementation of Radical Reconstruction intended to
achieve a new southern society in the North's image .
Southern Republican state Reconstruction governments pursued which of the following goals?
Ending the sharecropping system
A secret organization that functioned as the grassroots wing of Radical Republicanism in the South was called the
The Republican state Reconstruction governments in the South made significant and long-lasting achievements in
One critical flaw of southern Reconstruction governments was their
support of the convict leasing system.
Which of the following became critical community institutions for African Americans throughout the South during Reconstruction?
Why was the Civil Rights Act of 1875 significant?
The legislation was the last congressional effort to address civil rights until the 1960s.
Which politician's death marked the waning of Radical Reconstruction?
In the 1872 presidential election, the still disorganized Democratic Party
allied with the reform-minded Liberal Republicans.
Ex-Confederates who sought to return political and economic control of the South to white southerners after the Civil War were known as
What was the goal of the Ku Klux Klan under the leadership of former Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest in 1866?
To use any means to damage the Republican government of Tennessee
In the Reconstruction South, the Ku Klux Klan was
often indistinguishable from the Democratic Party.
Reconstruction ended in 1877 because
the North lost interest in the cause.
Why did Republicans nominate Rutherford B. Hayes for president in 1876?
He had won a reputation for honesty and appeared to be safe from charges of corruption.
Which of the following statements describes the election of 1876?
The Democratic candidate won the popular vote, but Republican officials in three southern states certified Republican victories, sending two sets of electoral votes to Congress.
Why was the election of 1876 significant?
The outcome was determined by an electoral commission established by Congress.
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History: Modern America
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
American Anthem: Modern American History (California)
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
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