Terms in this set (52)
What is Resnick's definition of clinical psychology?
The field of clinical psychology involves research, teaching and services to alleviate intellectual, emotional, behavioral, psychological, social and biological maladjustments
Medical prfession, medical model. MD
Psychiatric social work
background history of a person including the existing problems and conduct family interviews. Masters in Social working
works with normal or moderately mal-adjusted persons. Interviews and test have gone into private practice.
work with educators to improve the intellectual, social, and emotional growth of school children
focus on people physically or cognitively disabled.
prevention/treatment of illnesses, before problems begin.
work in a hospital, managing the patient's treatment plans. RN
assist professional mental health workers. May not have degree
Mental health counselors
Masters in counseling and license to practice.
Know the activities of clinical psychologists
a. Most frequently engaged activities: Psychotherapy, individual, groups, couples. diagnosis and assessment. Research has increased over the years. Administration.
b. Employment sites: 1st is private practice, then hospitals/clinical sites.
Know the difference between the nomothetic and idiographic approaches.
~ Nomothetic: understanding general principles of behavior of people (groups of ppl)
~ Idographic: understanding individual differences (individual ppl)
Know the training the clinical psychologists undergo.
a. Graduate school (5 years doctoral to be considered clinical psychologist)
i. Training philosophy
ii. Course work: to fulfill the scientist-practitioner model
iii. Practicum work: clinical practice
iv. Research: develop research experience and thesis.
v. Internship: experience in professional setting
vi. Qualifying examination: preliminary examination or comprehensive exam
Know the difference in research oriented programs vs. practice oriented:
Research/Teaching typically PhD. Practice is typically PsyD.
What is the GRE
Graduate school admission test. Required by all schools.
18th century in France crucial in the development of psychiatry
James M. Cattel
coined the term "mental tests"
psychiatrist proposed diagnostic classification of mental illness. And somatogenic (biological) view of mental illness.
The Binet-Simon Scale aimed to measure intelligence
American revision of intelligence test. Stanford-Binet test.
published the TAT "Thematic Apperception Test"
father of clinical psychology, 1st clinic to treat children with learning problems.
father of modern psychology
Know the different intelligence tests (4)
Intelligence tests: that is used to diagnosis developmental or cognitive deficiencies in young children.
Psychological: order to assess psychological construct(s), such as cognitive and emotional functioning, about a given individual.
Aptitude: examination that attempts to determine and measure a person's ability to acquire
Personality:allow potential employers to make predictions about how you will respond across a range of vastly different work-related activities.
What is the DSM
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Illness)? Measures Mental disorders
Know the science-practioner model
Boulder, union between the art of clinical intuition and logical empiricism of science. Not much research due to limits.
What is the difference between a Ph.D. and a Psy.D. in clinical psychology
~PsyD: emphasizes assessment and therapeutic models. Practice>Research
~PhD: Research, academic teaching, harder.
Be familiar with professional schools (i.e. the degree, training, setting):
no affiliations to graduate schools. Most of them emphasize clinical functions with little research orientation. APA does not accredit them. Part time staff.
Know the effects of managed health-care and how the economy has affected the field:
will affect the demands for clinical psychology in future as it does at present. Economic control has been taken away from practitioners by insurance companies
Know the different professional regulations:
ABPP, Certification(weak), Licensing,(strong) National register.
Know the sides of the debate over prescription privileges:
pros= would provide the clinician with a wider variety of treatments and will allow them to treat a wide range of clients and cost effective. Cons= de-emphasizing on psychological forms of treatment
Know what ethical standards are
a.Competence: must always accurately represent training and competency
b.Confidentiality: Most important, must be kept confidential. Courts only.
c.Client-welfare: No dual relationships. Must be kept professional.
Know the differences between observations
a.Unsystematic: causal observation
b.Naturalistic: systematic and rigorous. Done in real world settings
c.Controlled: some degree of control over the events is used
d.Case study: intensive study of a single case in treatment is the objective.
What is epidemiological researc
the study of the incident, prevalence, and distribution of illness or disease in a given population
What does the Correlation Method do?
a.Relationship: is between two variables X & Y.
b.Correlation coefficient (r): positive, negative, or no correlation between variables
What is factor analysis?
examining the interrelationship among a number of variables at the same time
Know the difference between longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches:
~Longitudinal: designs follow the same subjects over a long time period
~Cross-sectional: compare different age groups at the same point in time
What is the experimental method?
This method is used to determine cause-effect relationships. All conditions are the same for both groups.
Know what the between and within-group designs are
: two separate sets of participants receive a different kind of treatment
Know the different types of validity:
~Internal: experiment is not internally valid
~External: results of an experiment cannot be generalized
Understand the important issues in research (5)
a.Informed consent: must be in writing before experiment
b.Confidentiality: is a must, code numbers are used to keep private.
c.Deception: only used when truth hurts the research, must be told later.
d.Debriefing: explains why the person underwent research.
e.Fraudulent data: forbidden!!!
What is abnormal behavior?
Statistical infrequency or violates social norm. 5% rule.
What is a syndrome?
Sign or signs of illness
Know the terms frequently used by clinical psychologists
: etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment.
Advantages of diagnosis:
b.empirical research in psychopathology
c.research regarding etiology
What were the early classification systems
DSM-1 through DSM-5
How are people evaluated using the DSM-IV
Multi-axial assessment guild, ppl are evaluated on the 5 axes or domains.
What do psychopathologists do
Scientific study of mental disorder and genetic factors and treatment.
Know the five axes:
1) Clinical disorders or other conditions that may focus of clinical attention
2) Personality Disorders (after age 18) & Mental Retardation
3) General medical conditions that are related to individual's mental disorder
4) Psychosocial & Environmental Problems (mild, moderate, or severe)
5) Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)
What purpose does the DSM serve?
Diagnostic manual for diagnosing mental disorders
What is the diathesis-stress model of abnormal behavior
Involves the bio-psycho-social factors contributing to abnormal behavior.
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