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RESEARCH CHAP. 3
Terms in this set (54)
The ethical standards of the APA's ethics code
are general ethical principles that researchers apply to their own research situation
Ethical issues associated with Internet (online) Research
are not as serious as those associated with in person research
Ethical problems can best be avoided by careful planning and by consulting appropriate individuals
prior to beginning the research
If a psychology student wants to do research involving human participants, which of the following has the ultimate authority to approve, disapprove or require modifications prior to the approval of the students research
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
If you want to conduct research at your college or university, you should inquire about the appropriate procedure for institutional review of your research
before starting your research project
The risk/ benefit ratio that is used in ethical decision making represents a(n)
subjective evaluation of risks and benefits
Which of the following represents the basic question addressed by the risk/benefit ratio
Are the benefits (to individual participants and society) of a study greater then the risk?
Greater risk in a research study is acceptable when
clear and immediate benefits to the participants are expected
which of the following is one type of risk that contributes to the determination of the risk/benefit ratio
failure to protect the confidentiality of a participants responses may increase the risk in a research study by increasing the possibility of
A student conducted a research project in which fake smoke entered the waiting area used by participants. This procedure was used to create a stressful situation and the student then tested participants performance on complex reasoning tasks. One student waiting in a wheelchair experienced a panic attack when the smoke appeared, After this incident, the IRB stopped the research. This examples demonstrates that
characteristics of individuals must be considered when determining risk
When the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater than those encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine test, we say that the risk us
researchers must make use of special safeguards to protect human participants when
more then minimal risk is present
When there is no way to connect a research participants reposes with that participants identifying information (e.g. name, identification number) the responses are said to be
Researchers can avoid the potential of social injury or risk for the participants in their research project if the researchers
protect the confidentiality of participants responses
Which of the following is not required of researchers in an informed consent procedure?
reasons for why deception is used in research
According to the APA ethical standards, psychologist must inform participants of the nature of the research and that participants are free to participate or to decline to participate or to withdraw from the research. The requirements are necessary to ensure that the participants
Researchers who conduct research with individuals who have limited ability to understand the nature of the research and the possible risks
must obtain informed consent from the parents or legal guardians and should strive when feasible to get assent from the participants themselves.
final responsibility for conducting research in an ethical manner resets with the
in which of the following situations could individuals be vulnerable to excessive inducement or pressure to participate in research?
all of these
in which of the following situations may it not be necessary for a researcher to obtain informed consent?
when observing behavior in public settings with no intervention
The right of individuals to decide how information about them is to be communicated to others is reffered to as
Which of the following is not one of the dimensions that denier and crandall suggest a researcher should consider when deciding what information is private and what safeguards should be employed?
source of the information
For a class research project, students conceal themselves in bathroom stalls in order to observe conservational behavior of individuals at sinks in the washroom. the count the number of words spoken by women and men in their respective washrooms. an important ethical issue in this research is
which of the following terms describes the ethical issue that arises when information is withheld from research participants or when they are given misinformation
which of the following ethical principals is contradicted when deception is used in research
when researchers seek ways that will increase the likelihood that participants that society will benefit from research activities, the researchers are following the moral principal of
Which of the following has not been used in the argument against the use of deception in psychological research
deception is a technical illusion that violates the interests of scientific inquiry
which of the following has been used in the arguement for the use of deception in psychological research
general moral principals are sometimes suspended in other areas of life such as legal and medial practice
which of the following uses of deception is always unethical?
decieving participants to get them to take part in research that involves serious risk
which of the following is not an important consideration for a researcher who is designing an experiment that will involve deception?
how many people will participate in the research
which of the following procedures is essential after an experiment involving the use of deception?
whenever deception is used the researcher has the responsibility to
debrief the participant
debriefing individuals following their participation in research follows directly from the moral principals of
confidentiality and privacy
debriefing following the use of deception should include all of the following except
a report of the number of people who were tricked by the deception, and the number who figured it out
debreifing participants at the end of the research session is beneficial for
both the participant and the researcher
a major goal of debriefing participants at the end of a research session is to
make sure individuals feel good about their participation
a student researcher learns during a debriefing procedure that participants misunderstood the instructions for the research task. This clearly demonstrates that
researcher also can benefit from the debriefing procedure
The overriding goal of regulations that guide research with animals is
protecting the welfare of the animals
Which of the following statements concerning the use of animals in research is true?
Animals may be subjected to pain or discomfort only when no alternative procedure is available and when the goals of the research are judged to justify such procedures
which of the following is not one of the areas the institutional animal care and use committees are charged to review?
budget for the proposed research
The suggestion that animals be used in research only when the results of the research have direct apparent application to humans is threatening to
all of these
Which respect to animal research the philosophical position of utilitarianism suggests that
the best choice among alternatives is one that produces the best overall consequences for all.
Psychologist seek to publish their research findings
all of these
There is general consensus among research psychologists that authorship of a scientific paper
effort a person has expended on the project
a faculty member adds a students names to the list of authors for a research manuscript in order to help that student get into graduate school. The students contribution to the research project was to enter responses to survey questions into the computer this is an example of
unethical assignment of authorship credit
Presenting substantial portions of another persons work as your own is called
When citing another persons thinking or ideas a substantial element refers to
any key idea or concept even a single word
when the exact words from a source are used in a manuscript which of the following is required
the source must be properly identified
when making reference in your paper to an original source that you have not read but learned about it in a secondary source, you should
cite the secondary source in which you found the original source and say "as cited in"..
When writing a report describing a class research project a student paraphrased some material from a psychology journal article. in order to avoid a charge of plagiarism, the student should
identify the author and publication year of the journal article in the same sentence as the paraphrased material
making an ethical decision involves
identifying what ethical guidelines are relevant in a situation and what is at stake for all parties involved.
When completing the steps for ethical decision making, the correctness of an ethical decision should be judged according to whether
a fair and ethical process was followed for making the decision
A final step when researchers submit a manuscript for publication in an APA- sponsored journal to
complete an ethical compliance checklist
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