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World War II Vocabulary
Terms in this set (27)
Emperor of Japan during WWII
Prepare military forces for war
a short film about current events
an economic system for dealing with money and wealth where the citizens, not the government, own and run companies.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance for anyone who might not agree with the government
a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
the belief that one race is superior to others
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)who implemented Fascism and caused WWII and the Holocoust.
Russian leader who was head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by getting rid of all opposition (1879-1953)
Prime Minister of Great Britain who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Fascist Dictator of Italy (1883-1945). He founded the Italian Fascist Party, and sided with Hitler and Germany in World War II.
United States military base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, causing the United States to enter World War II.
an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It's emperor was responsible for the sneak attack on an American Naval Base in Hawaii during World War II.
between 1933 and 1945, Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party controlled this country through a dictatorship transforming it into a totalitarian state that controlled nearly all aspects of everyone's lives.
located in southern Europe, this country was led by Benito Mussolini (dictator) during World War II as part of the National Fascist Party government until 1943.
this country was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to the end of the Cold War in 1991. During World War II, signed a Nonaggression Pact with Germany, in which the two countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years.
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President Franklin D. Roosevelt after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
He was reelected as president in 1936, 1940 and 1944, and after the Great Depression, led the United States from isolationism to victory over Nazi Germany and its allies in World War II.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2; led the massive invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe that began on D-Day (June 6, 1944).
Germany, Italy, Japan became this allied group during World War II, trying to gain world domination.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
May 8, 1945; Victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
this was the world's first deployed bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Three days later, a second B-29 dropped another on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people. forcing Japan's Emperor to surrender, ending World War II.
the Nazi program of eliminating Jewish people under Hitler's rule
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
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