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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (75)
During the Great Depression, when a bank collapsed,
depositors lost their savings.
To pay for New Deal programs, FDR began using
During WWII, Americans bought over $150 billion worth of war bonds to
lend the government money to pay for the war.
Iwo Jima was an important objective for the American military because
U.S. planes could bomb Japan from there.
Attacks on American cargo ships by German submarines led to the development of the
Sputnik was a
Warren G. Harding won the presidency by appealing to Americans' desire to
return to life as it was before the war.
The flowering of African American arts in the 1920s became known as the
In the Teapot Dome scandal, Albert B. Fall received bribes for
leasing lands w/ US Navy oil reserves to private interests.
After World War I, most Americans wanted to avoid future wars by
avoiding involvement in world affairs.
Stock prices first began to decline in late 1929 because
investors began to sell their stock.
Farmers on the Great Plains began to lose their crops during the Depression because
investors began to sell their stock.
President Hoover opposed direct federal relief to the unemployed because he believed that
only state and city governments should dole out relief.
Thousands of World War I veterans came to Washington in 1932 to lobby Congress to
pass legislation giving veterans their promised bonus early.
Most economists agree that a key cause of the Depression was
Buying on margin was a method of buying stocks
with mostly borrowed money.
A long period of rising stock prices is known as a
During the Depression, many state governors declared "bank holidays" to
prevent bank runs.
To regulate the stock market, Congress created the
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Framers of the Social Security Act saw it primarily as
an insurance measure.
Franklin Roosevelt's policies for ending the Depression became known as the
To inform and reassure citizens, FDR addressed them directly by radio in what were called
Japan's goal in attacking Midway was to
destroy the American fleet.
Nearly one-third of all military equipment made during the war was manufactured by the
The Bataan Death March occurred in
Migrant farm workers became an important part of the Southwest's agricultural system due to
the Bracero Program.
In the case Korematsu v. US, the Supreme Court ruled that relocation of Japanese Americans was
constitutional because it was based on military urgency.
The Long Telegram resulted in
The containment policy
Truman said the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were essential for
United Nations troops in Korea were driven back across the 38th parallel in an attack by
Joseph McCarthy created the media frenzy that began his witch hunt by
saying he had a list of Communists hired by the State Dept.
Popular support for Joseph McCarthy began to fade when
millions watched him bully witnesses investigating the Army.
At Yalta, the leaders agreed to
divide Germany among the four Allied powers.
The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to
help Western Europe recover.
NATO formed for the purpose of
The Ohio Gang was a
Group of President Hardings friends
Calvin Coolidge became president when
Warren G. Harding died in office
Attorney General Daugherty resigned after being investigated for taking bribes and allowing
someone to get a German-owned company seized during the war.
In the 1920s, the Federal Reserve contributed to weaknesses in the stock market by
keeping interest rates low.
President Hoover hoped that public works would
provide jobs lost in the private sector
The original purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was to
make loans to businesses.
During the Depression, charities set up _______________to give poor people a meal.
Newly homeless people put up communities of shacks that they called
To fight the Depression, the first thing Roosevelt set out to do was to
restore confidence in the banks.
One purpose of the Townsend plan was to
free up jobs for the unemployed.
Period of time in 1933 when newly elected FDR sent bill after bill to Congress was called the
The Nye Committee report created the impression that America's entry into WWI was influenced by
American arms manufacturers.
The Neutrality Act of 1935 made it illegal for
Americans to sell arms to any country at war.
At first, Britain and France gave in to Hitler's demands, a policy known as
The cost-plus system sped up war production by
providing more profit to faster/more producing companies.
Blue points and red points were a system for
The U.S. caused massive fires in Tokyo by dropping bombs filled with
The "Double V" campaign meant victory
over Hitler's racism abroad and victory over racism at home.
Truman fired MacArthur because
MacArthur demanded Truman's approval to expand the war.
What is the name of the belief that one's land needs to be protected against immigrants?
The Declaration of Liberated Europe said that the people of Europe have the right to
choose their own government through democratic means.
On April 17, 1961, armed Cuban exiles landed on the south coast of Cuba at
the Bay of Pigs.
At Yalta, leaders agreed to recognize the Polish gov't the Soviets set up if Stalin agreed to
hold free elections there as soon as possible.
Oct. 1962, JFK said American spy planes had aerial photos of Soviet long-range missiles in
The Korean War began when
North Korean troops invaded the south.
When the US, Britain, and France merged their zones in Germany, the Soviet Union responded by
blockading West Berlin.
The Truman Doctrine resulted in
a pledge to fight communism
Which event publicly debated subjects of evolution + creationism + their place in education?
the Scopes trial
President Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur because MacArthur
publicly criticized the president's policy of limited war.
Kennedy convinced Congress to invest more funds in
defense and space exploration.
During the space race, Kennedy's goal for America was to be the first to
land a man on the moon.
Who was the first American to orbit Earth?
Henry Ford's system for making cars increased efficiency by
dividing operations into simple tasks
In 1938, Britain and France agreed to Hitler's demand for the Sudetenland, and area of
One of the major causes of the Cold War were arguments between the US + USSR over reparations +
economic policy in Germany
After the Korean War began, the US embarked on a major
Although they disagreed on specifics, Roosevelt's advisers favored government
intervention in the economy
The Dust Bowl occurred because plowed land was left uncultivated and there was a terrible
In their major offensive to liberate Europe, the Allies landed their invasion forces in
In the 1930s, many Americans supported a policy of avoiding international conflicts called
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