26 terms

History Unit 5 Ch. 9-10

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Terms in this set (...)

attrition
a wearing down by constant harassment or attack
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general, fought through all of war
The anaconda plan
Union strategy to defeat the Confederacy, sent gunboats down mississippi to split south.
Vicksburg
1863, turning point battle, completes anaconda plan, lincoln used as propaganda, WEST
Gettysburg
1863-General Lee lead the Confederate troops into Pennsylvania. He surprised the units in Gettysburg and the battle was the most crucial and bloodiest of the war. The victory at Gettysburg belonged to Lincoln and the Union. Turning point; last offensive attack of the South.
siege
the surrounding of a place in order to force it to surrender
Ulysses Grant
an American general, promoted half way through war
Sherman's March
William Sherman led union troops to south in total war, destroying south
Amnesty
a pardon to a group of people
Andrew Jackson
3 year, recon pres, problems with congress, vetos a lot of plans, impeached
Black Codes
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
14th Amendment
granted citizenship and equal rights to AA after civil war
Impeach
To formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
precedent
example to be followed by others in the future
Carpetbaggers
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain advantage
Scalawags
Southern whites who supported Republican policy throughout reconstruction
graft
the acquisition of money in dishonest ways, as in bribing a politician
tenant farmer
Farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops
Sharecropper
farmer who works land for an owner who provides equipment and seed and receives a share of the crop
North:
A - strong naval tradition
D - had to preserve the union even if slavery continued

South:
A - 7 military colleges
D - Financial was poor
What was an advantage and disadvantage for the north and south when the war began?
- Inventors had developed a rifle firing gun
- it involved huge armies w/ supplies and equipment
Explain two reasons why the Civil war is considered the first modern war
S - 20,000 troops were killed or wounded
A - bloodiest one-day battle, 6,000 killed, and 17,000 wounded
why were the battles of Antietam and Shiloh each important in 1862
C - confederacy was going to collapse
C - Grant sieged on Petersburg to slow down confederacy
E - Lincoln was assassinated
E - ended slavery throughout the country
Explain 2 causes to the end of the civil war and two effects of its ending
Tried to give them food, clothes, shelter, and education
How did the Freedman's Bureau help formerly enslaved African-Americans
C - laws were passed giving them more rights
NC - they were still given hate by white people (KKK)
How did the lives of former slaves change, and not change, during reconstruction
S - AA got more rights, education, and acceptance
F - Johnson would make his own plans which got him impeached
Explain a success and a failure of the reconstruction era (1865-1877)
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